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'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎2r] (16/454)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 23 Jun 1934-30 Apr 1936. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT
''A "i I ^ ii \ \
A ' j 1 VL h
E ASTE RN (Arabia). r gyg" -July 23, 1934.
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CONFIDENTI AL. U» t ^ Section 1.
fc-- . V- :gnS'i
[E 4808/79/23] No. 1. . —' .
Sir A. Ryan to Sir John Simon.— (Received July 23.)
(No. 226.)
Sir, • Jedda, July 10, 1934.
WITH reference to my despatch No. 209 of the 3rd July, I have the honour
to record a few further matters of minor interest connected with the Saudi-
Yemen settlement.
2. In paragraph 4 of my despatch under reference, I mentioned the
probability of the Idrisis being interned comfortably at Riyadh. This was the
forecast of Fuad Bey Hamza, but the JJmm-al-Qura of the 6th July announced
that Ibn Saud had received Seyyid Hasan and Abdul Aziz-al-Idrisi on the
1st July and given them permission to choose their own place of residence. They
elected to remain in Mecca, and the King gave orders that a palace near the Great
Mosque should be prepared for them. The same paper stated that Seyyid
Abdul Wahhab-al-Idrisi had arrived at Jizan en route for Mecca.
3. The Amir Feisal, who, as you know, left Hudeida by land on the 5th July,
is understood to be making a short stay at Jizan in order to organise the
Administration there. Sheikh Abdullah Suleiman, who came by sea on the
steamship El Nasr of the new Arab Steam Navigation Company, arrived in Jedda
yesterday. He was accorded an official reception, the almost triumphal character
of which was in strong contrast with the lack of attention shown to Fuad Bey
Hamza when he left Jedda two days earlier. No particular honours were shown
to the main body of troops, who came back by sea on the steamship A lavi of the
Turner, Morrison Line on the 6th July. They were doubtless to receive their meed
of praise and presents of rice and rials at Mecca or Taif. I understand that a
fair amount of largesse has been bestowed on the troops who have already reached
Taif.
4. The Umm-al-Qura of the 6th July also published telegrams exchanged
on the 1st July between the King and the King of Iraq. King Ghazi hailed the
recent settlement as a good omen and a step towards brotherliness and unity
between Arab countries, and invoked a blessing on Ibn Saud's efforts to promote
the welfare of the Arab nation. The Saudi King, a little more prolix, said that
the brotherhood established by the treaty was what he had striven for. He had
sought to promote the union of Moslems in general and Arabs in particular. He
relied on God and trusted that in King Ghazi, all Arab leaders and he himself
would co-operate to preserve their prestige, the safety of their countries and the
honour of the Arab nation.
5. I have heard fantastic stories from Taif of the intimacy established
between Ibn Saud and the Imam's envoy, Abdullah-al-Wazir, whom some of the
gossips regard as a possible postulant for the throne of the Yemen. These stories
deserve little attention, but it is worth mentioning that the liberation of Jerusalem
has been spoken of as a possible object of common policy to be pursued by the
reunited Arabs.
6. I am sending copies of this despatch to His Majesty's Ambassador at
Rome and His Majesty's Chief Commissioner, Aden.
I have, &c.
ANDREW RYAN.
[156 z—1]

About this item

Content

The volume contains letters, telegrams, and memoranda relating to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Most of the correspondence is between the British Legation in Jeddah, the Foreign Office in London, the Political Residencies in Bushire and Aden, the Political Agencies in Bahrain, Kuwait, and Muscat, the High Commissioner in Trans-Jordan, the British Embassy in Baghdad, the Colonial Office in London, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London, the Government of India, and Ibn Sa'ud.

The volume covers a wide range of subjects, including:

  • the dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen, including issues of the translation of the Treaty of Taif;
  • the planning, development, and financing of roads;
  • the differing characters of two of Ibn Sa'ud's sons, Amirs Sa'ud and Faisal;
  • the appointment of new ministers in the Saudi Arabian government;
  • the slave trade in the region;
  • an Egyptian commercial and financial mission to the country led by Talaat Pasha Harb;
  • a general amnesty for all 'political offenders' given by Ibn Sa'ud;
  • new regulations on foreign ownership of property;
  • Ibn Sa'ud's effort to improve the Saudi Arabian standing army;
  • the French upgrade of their Consulate in Jeddah to a Legation;
  • the general financial situation in Saudi Arabia;
  • the proposal to restore the Hejaz Railway, including the lead up to a conference on the matter in Haifa in October 1935;
  • an attempt on Ibn Sa'ud's life in Mecca;
  • Saudi-Soviet relations;
  • the activities of the Saudi Arabia Mining Syndicate;
  • Amir Sa'ud's visit to Europe;
  • the death of 'Abdullah ibn Jiluwi, Amir of Hasa;
  • the prospect of Saudi Arabia joining the League of Nations;
  • new Saudi regulations on the importation, sale, and possession of firearms;
  • officer training for Saudis and Yemenis in Iraq;
  • the introduction of a special import tax at Jeddah to fund local schools;
  • Anglo-Italian relations;
  • the proposal to renew the Treaty of Jeddah of 1927;
  • unrest in Hasa due to the imposition of a 'jihad tax' on those who did not take part in recent fighting on behalf of the Kingdom.

Notable in the volume is an interview with Fuad Bey Hamza, the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, extracted from the newspaper Ayyam (folio 34).

At the back of the volume (folios 207-213v) are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The sequence begins on the first folio and continues through to the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, circled, and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. There are the following irregularities: 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D; 88, and 88A; 165 and 165A. There is a second foliation system that is uncircled and inconsistent.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎2r] (16/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/570, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023571187.0x000011> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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