Skip to item: of 454
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎7r] (26/454)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 23 Jun 1934-30 Apr 1936. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

m £
THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT ^
>f K;ngNcy,_
EASTERN (Arabia ). ' August 24, 1934.
CONFIDENTIAL. S ection 1.
(IS^H^EN j 'kj ; i
[E 5401/22/91] No. 1.
Colonial Office to Foreign Office.—{Received August 24.)
Sir, Colonial Office, August 23, 1934.
I AM directed by Secretary Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister to refer to the letter
from this Department of the 23rd March enclosing a copy of a report by the
Resident at Aden on his mission to Sanaa for the purpose of concluding a treaty
with the King of the Yemen.
2. As a result of correspondence with your Department and the Resident
at Aden, it has been decided that the last sentence of the note on the Anglo-
Yemeni boundary, which forms the last annexure to the Resident's report, should
be deleted and the following sentence substituted :—
" Beyond this point the boundary, as laid down in the Anglo-Turkish
Convention of the 9th March, 1914, respecting the boundaries of Aden and
of Ottoman territory in Southern Arabia, is a line running north-eastwards
into the Ruba-al-Khali (' the Empty Quarter ') at an angle of 45 degrees."
3. The note on the Anglo-Yemeni boundary as now settled, therefore, reads
as follows :—
" Article 3 of the treaty stabilises, pending a final decision, the actual
frontier existing on the 11th February, 1934, the date of the signature of the
treaty. This is as follows :—
" From approximately Husn Murad to the Wadi Bana it is identical
with the old demarcated Anglo-Turkish boundary as shown on official maps
of the Aden Protectorate. From the demarcated point on the Wadi Bana,
eastwards, it follows tribal boundaries which have never been demarcated
in detail on the ground, and which the inaccuracy of existing maps makes
it impossible to define precisely on paper, but which are known to the tribes
concerned. These are the northern and eastern boundary of the Upper Yafa
tribe, excluding Rubeiatein, the boundaries between the Upper Yafa, Lower
Yafa and Fadhli tribes and Beidha, the north-western and northern boundary
of the Audhali tribe, the western boundary of the Aulaqi tribe, and the
western and north-western boundary of Beihan, including the Masabi
country. Beyond this point the boundary, as laid down in the Anglo-Turkish
Convention of the 9th March, 1914, respecting the boundaries of Aden and
of Ottoman territory in Southern Arabia, is a line running north-eastwards
into the Ruba-al-Kliali (' the Empty Quarter ? ) at an angle of 45 degrees."
I am, &c.
H. R. COWELL
[181 aa—1]

About this item

Content

The volume contains letters, telegrams, and memoranda relating to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Most of the correspondence is between the British Legation in Jeddah, the Foreign Office in London, the Political Residencies in Bushire and Aden, the Political Agencies in Bahrain, Kuwait, and Muscat, the High Commissioner in Trans-Jordan, the British Embassy in Baghdad, the Colonial Office in London, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London, the Government of India, and Ibn Sa'ud.

The volume covers a wide range of subjects, including:

  • the dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen, including issues of the translation of the Treaty of Taif;
  • the planning, development, and financing of roads;
  • the differing characters of two of Ibn Sa'ud's sons, Amirs Sa'ud and Faisal;
  • the appointment of new ministers in the Saudi Arabian government;
  • the slave trade in the region;
  • an Egyptian commercial and financial mission to the country led by Talaat Pasha Harb;
  • a general amnesty for all 'political offenders' given by Ibn Sa'ud;
  • new regulations on foreign ownership of property;
  • Ibn Sa'ud's effort to improve the Saudi Arabian standing army;
  • the French upgrade of their Consulate in Jeddah to a Legation;
  • the general financial situation in Saudi Arabia;
  • the proposal to restore the Hejaz Railway, including the lead up to a conference on the matter in Haifa in October 1935;
  • an attempt on Ibn Sa'ud's life in Mecca;
  • Saudi-Soviet relations;
  • the activities of the Saudi Arabia Mining Syndicate;
  • Amir Sa'ud's visit to Europe;
  • the death of 'Abdullah ibn Jiluwi, Amir of Hasa;
  • the prospect of Saudi Arabia joining the League of Nations;
  • new Saudi regulations on the importation, sale, and possession of firearms;
  • officer training for Saudis and Yemenis in Iraq;
  • the introduction of a special import tax at Jeddah to fund local schools;
  • Anglo-Italian relations;
  • the proposal to renew the Treaty of Jeddah of 1927;
  • unrest in Hasa due to the imposition of a 'jihad tax' on those who did not take part in recent fighting on behalf of the Kingdom.

Notable in the volume is an interview with Fuad Bey Hamza, the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, extracted from the newspaper Ayyam (folio 34).

At the back of the volume (folios 207-213v) are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The sequence begins on the first folio and continues through to the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, circled, and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. There are the following irregularities: 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D; 88, and 88A; 165 and 165A. There is a second foliation system that is uncircled and inconsistent.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎7r] (26/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/570, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023571187.0x00001b> [accessed 18 October 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023571187.0x00001b">'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [&lrm;7r] (26/454)</a>
<a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023571187.0x00001b">
	<img src="https://images.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x00021f/IOR_R_15_1_570_0026.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
</a>
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x00021f/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image