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'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎8r] (28/454)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 23 Jun 1934-30 Apr 1936. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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EASTERN (Arabia ). ^ ^ August 13, 1934.
CONFIDENTIAL. i a Section 1.
[E 5194/79/25]
Mr. Calvert to Sir John Simon.—{Received August 13.)
(No. 240.)
Sir, Jedda, July 30, 1934.
WITH reference to Sir Andrew Ryan's despatch No. 202 of the 27th June,
I have the honour to forward herewith a complete translation of the Treaty of
Taif, which has been prepared by Mr. Furlonge.
2. Further study has served little to elucidate the obscurities of article 4
of this document. These arise partly from the absence of any trustworthy and
sufficiently detailed map of the area, but more especially from the rather confusing
use of the same word to denote the name of a tribe and at the same time to
describe its tribal grazing-ground or dira. These latter are, moreover, known
accurately probably only to the tribes owning them and to neighbouring tribes,
who may or may not be in entire agreement as to their boundaries. Until the
terrain through which this frontier runs is accurately mapped and surveyed,
article 4 will, it is believed, continue to be a somewhat unintelligible concatenation
of place and tribal names.
3. Otherwise, no points of importance, other than those noted by
Sir Andrew Ryan in his despatch under reference, have emerged except that
article 4 does provide for a " friendly and brotherly " delimitation of the frontier.
4. I am sending copies of this despatch to His Majesty's Ambassador at
Rome, His Majesty's Chief Commissioner at Aden, the Hon. the Political
Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire, his Excellency the High Commissioner
for Palestine, Jerusalem, His Majesty's Charge d'Affaires at Bagdad, and His
Majesty's High Commissioner for Egypt, Ramleh.
I have, &c.
Enclosure in No. 1.
Treaty of Taif.
In the Name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate.
Treaty of Islamic Friendship and Brotherhood, between the Saudi Arab Kingdom
and the Kinqdom of the Yemen.
^ ini i Hit V "
HIS Honourable Majesty the Imam Abdul Aziz Abdurrahman-al-Feysal-al-
Saud. King of the Saudi Arab Kingdom, on the one part, and His Honourable
Majesty the Imam Yahya-bin-Muhammad Hamiduddin, King of the Yemen, on
the other part:
Being desirous of ending the state of war unfortunately existing between
them and their Governments and peoples;
And of uniting the Islamic Arab nation and raising its condition and
maintaining its prestige and independence ;
And in view of the necessity of establishing firm treaty relations between
them and their Governments and countries on a basis of mutual advantage and
reciprocal interest;
And wishing to fix the frontiers between their countries and to establish
relations of " Bon-Voisinage" and ties of Islamic friendship between them
and to strengthen the foundations of peace and tranquillity between their
countries and peoples;
And being desirous that there should be a united front against sudden
mishaps and a solid structure to preserve the safety of the Arab Peninsula,
[181 n—1] b

About this item


The volume contains letters, telegrams, and memoranda relating to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Most of the correspondence is between the British Legation in Jeddah, the Foreign Office in London, the Political Residencies in Bushire and Aden, the Political Agencies in Bahrain, Kuwait, and Muscat, the High Commissioner in Trans-Jordan, the British Embassy in Baghdad, the Colonial Office in London, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London, the Government of India, and Ibn Sa'ud.

The volume covers a wide range of subjects, including:

  • the dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen, including issues of the translation of the Treaty of Taif;
  • the planning, development, and financing of roads;
  • the differing characters of two of Ibn Sa'ud's sons, Amirs Sa'ud and Faisal;
  • the appointment of new ministers in the Saudi Arabian government;
  • the slave trade in the region;
  • an Egyptian commercial and financial mission to the country led by Talaat Pasha Harb;
  • a general amnesty for all 'political offenders' given by Ibn Sa'ud;
  • new regulations on foreign ownership of property;
  • Ibn Sa'ud's effort to improve the Saudi Arabian standing army;
  • the French upgrade of their Consulate in Jeddah to a Legation;
  • the general financial situation in Saudi Arabia;
  • the proposal to restore the Hejaz Railway, including the lead up to a conference on the matter in Haifa in October 1935;
  • an attempt on Ibn Sa'ud's life in Mecca;
  • Saudi-Soviet relations;
  • the activities of the Saudi Arabia Mining Syndicate;
  • Amir Sa'ud's visit to Europe;
  • the death of 'Abdullah ibn Jiluwi, Amir of Hasa;
  • the prospect of Saudi Arabia joining the League of Nations;
  • new Saudi regulations on the importation, sale, and possession of firearms;
  • officer training for Saudis and Yemenis in Iraq;
  • the introduction of a special import tax at Jeddah to fund local schools;
  • Anglo-Italian relations;
  • the proposal to renew the Treaty of Jeddah of 1927;
  • unrest in Hasa due to the imposition of a 'jihad tax' on those who did not take part in recent fighting on behalf of the Kingdom.

Notable in the volume is an interview with Fuad Bey Hamza, the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, extracted from the newspaper Ayyam (folio 34).

At the back of the volume (folios 207-213v) are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The sequence begins on the first folio and continues through to the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, circled, and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. There are the following irregularities: 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D; 88, and 88A; 165 and 165A. There is a second foliation system that is uncircled and inconsistent.

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English in Latin script
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'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎8r] (28/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/570, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 July 2020]

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