'File 61/11 VII (D 122) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [176v] (371/454)
The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 23 Jun 1934-30 Apr 1936. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
confidence in us, and the Italians' aggression against Ethiopia has gone far to
transferring his suspicions to them. These developments may tend to accelerate
the process of strengthening our ties with the Yemen, and of so bringing it into a
British rather than an Italian orbit.
I am not disposed to press forward the Anglo-Yemeni rapprochement too
rapidly, and at present we at Aden are limiting ourselves to giving the Yemenis
good advice when asked for (as, for example, recently about the defences of Sheikh
Said), and to cultivating the good neighbourly relations that have existed since
the signing of the treaty. On the other hand, if the alarm that now exists in the
Yemen with regard to Italian designs against Sheikh Said and the adjacent
Yemen coast, including Mocha, continues, it is possible that the King of the
Yemen will make further and more direct overtures for British help in fortifying
and protecting his coastal districts against Italian intrusion. Should this
happen, I shall, of course, report to you officially, and shall not commit myself
in any way without instructions. I mention the possibility now, as I should be
glad to know your general views with regard to the attitude that we should adopt
in the event of Yemeni suggestions for closer co-operation with us, and especially
of requests for our help in obtaining armaments.
B. R. REILLY.
Mr. Courtney to Sir C. Parkinson.
Air Ministry, King sway,
Dear Parkinson, N or ember
I HE following is an extract from a letter we have received from Air Chief
Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham, subsequent to the visit which he paid to
Aden towards the end of October :—
Fhere is a certain amount of excitement about the Yemen at Aden.
As you doubtless know, the Italians have asked the Imam to allow them to
send sick and wounded to Mocha. The Imam has so far refused, but he has
indicated to Reilly that he would like to know what would be the attitude of
Great Britain if the Italians use force. Reilly expects to have a very definite
question on this subject sent to him by the Imam in the near future. I don't
know what the answer is. We certainly don't want the Italians there, and
it would be very awkward if they occupied Sheikh Said, which is the
peninsula at the extreme southern end of the Red Sea on the Arabian side.
Guns mounted here and at the corner of Eritrea could make exit from the
Red bea very uncomfortable. I feel very definitely that we cannot allow
them to occupy the southern end of the Yemen at all events."
I am sending a similar letter to Rendel and O'Malley.
C. L. COURTNEY.
Extract from Aden Secret Political Intelligence Summary No. 454 for the
Week ending October 2, 1935.
# * * * # #
1 . o 522 ' 1 Itif.sported from Am Nabia that on or about the 15th September
as eiyid Ali-bin-al-\\ azir, the Officer Commanding Taiz, accompanied by the
£. mi s of 1 aiz and Mocha, arrived at Sheikh Said escorted by fifty soldiers.
is said that the bakeries at the Sheikh Said fort are being rebuilt, while
consignments of flour, rice, and cement are being landed. The arrival of more
soldiers is imminently expected.
^ ^ ^thorities are said to have organised a military post at Dubab,
north of Sheikh Said, and manned it with fifteen soldiers.
About this item
The volume contains letters, telegrams, and memoranda relating to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Most of the correspondence is between the British Legation in Jeddah, the Foreign Office in London, the Political Residencies in Bushire and Aden, the Political Agencies in Bahrain, Kuwait, and Muscat, the High Commissioner in Trans-Jordan, the British Embassy in Baghdad, the Colonial Office in London, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London, the Government of India, and Ibn Sa'ud.
The volume covers a wide range of subjects, including:
- the dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen, including issues of the translation of the Treaty of Taif;
- the planning, development, and financing of roads;
- the differing characters of two of Ibn Sa'ud's sons, Amirs Sa'ud and Faisal;
- the appointment of new ministers in the Saudi Arabian government;
- the slave trade in the region;
- an Egyptian commercial and financial mission to the country led by Talaat Pasha Harb;
- a general amnesty for all 'political offenders' given by Ibn Sa'ud;
- new regulations on foreign ownership of property;
- Ibn Sa'ud's effort to improve the Saudi Arabian standing army;
- the French upgrade of their Consulate in Jeddah to a Legation;
- the general financial situation in Saudi Arabia;
- the proposal to restore the Hejaz Railway, including the lead up to a conference on the matter in Haifa in October 1935;
- an attempt on Ibn Sa'ud's life in Mecca;
- Saudi-Soviet relations;
- the activities of the Saudi Arabia Mining Syndicate;
- Amir Sa'ud's visit to Europe;
- the death of 'Abdullah ibn Jiluwi, Amir of Hasa;
- the prospect of Saudi Arabia joining the League of Nations;
- new Saudi regulations on the importation, sale, and possession of firearms;
- officer training for Saudis and Yemenis in Iraq;
- the introduction of a special import tax at Jeddah to fund local schools;
- Anglo-Italian relations;
- the proposal to renew the Treaty of Jeddah of 1927;
- unrest in Hasa due to the imposition of a 'jihad tax' on those who did not take part in recent fighting on behalf of the Kingdom.
Notable in the volume is an interview with Fuad Bey Hamza, the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, extracted from the newspaper Ayyam (folio 34).
At the back of the volume (folios 207-213v) are internal office notes.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (223 folios)
The volume is arranged chronologically.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The sequence begins on the first folio and continues through to the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, circled, and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. There are the following irregularities: 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D; 88, and 88A; 165 and 165A. There is a second foliation system that is uncircled and inconsistent.
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