'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (181/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
were prohibited from entering the town, and the former frequently
revenged themselves by committing petty depredations in the viciDity.
Peace be- Hostilities between the English and Portuguese in the East were at
S" E and leHgth brought to an end by a truce, concluded in May or June 1634.
Portugal^ in between the President at Surat and the Viceroy of Goa; explanations
from 1634. ' between the Crowns of England and Spain followed; and in 1G35
instructions were issued to the Company's servants in Persia to remain
neutral in the trouble between the Persians and the Portuguese. On the
20th of January 1636 the truce was replaced by a Convention signed at
Goa, and amity was re-established.
Recovery by In 1640 Portugal was emancipated from the yoke of Spain and,
herinfe- ^ under a prince of a house of Braganza, became again, after an interval
pendence ^in 0 f sixty years, an independent power; but this change had no very
marked effect on the position of the nation in the East. The value of
Masqat to the Portuguese military governor was estimated at this time
at 50,000 ducats a year.
The Portu- On the loss of Hormuz the Portuguese had directed their com-
Balrah *1623- mere ^ activity and* missionary enthusiasm largely to Basrah, where
they established a commercial factory, a religious community, and a
seminary of learning ; and until 16-40 at least, as we shall see later on,
they maintained at that place a serious competition with English trade.
In 1624< and 1625 they assisted the Turks to defend Basrah audits
dependencies against Persian attacks, and in the latter year they kept
live large vessels at Basrah for this purpose. The transfer of the Portu-
gnese trade in the Gulf from Persia to Turkey was viewed with
jealousy and dislike by the Shah, and this appears to have been the
principal cause of the Persian attempts upon Basrah.
Expulsion of The hold of the Portuguese upon ■'Oman now began to relax : in 1640
guese from ^ in ^ m having been informed by Arabs in the Portuguese Custom
Oman, if.JO- house that the fort was weakly manned, a native force attacked Masqat,
but without success ; and in November 1643 Sohar was lost, 37 Portu
guese being taken prisoners and the military guard all killed. In 1648,
as more fully related in the history of the 'Oman Sultanate, the Arabs
besieged Masqat and compelled the Captain-General to agree to terms by
which the power and influence of the Portuguese in "'Oman were greatly
circumscribed. Besides Sohar, the Portuguese had already lost, or lost
about this time, ' f Caurusar, " " Dobar " and Quryat. At the end of
1 649 Masqat was again assailed by an Arab force, and in January 1650
the Portuguese made a complete surrender of their supposed "im-
pregnable fortress ^ and evacuated the country. In 1649, before this
See the Appendix on Religions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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