'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (304/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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rfety d t
merchants as took British passes : but his suggestion was negatived
by the Agent in Council, who considered that the native traders, as
they already paid 8 or 9 per cent, on the value of their goods in
customs to the Persian administrationcould not reasonably be expected
to pay anything more. The whole plan of the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , however, as soon
as it came to the knowledge of the Court of Directors, was condemned
by them in the following terms :—
In your ietter under date of the 15th Noveraber you mention a resolution you
have taken, and put into execution, of giving passes under the Company's seal to the
vessels and boats trading in the Gulph, for which they pay one hundred rupees yearly,
in order to protect them from lein? plundered by tbe several Arab Shaiks. This
may be very well for tbem, bnt with respect to your employers it appears to be a
destructive and unwarrantable measure; for, though Meer Mabana now says he shall
have regard to the passes, you may judge he will not long remain in that disposition,
as tbe consequence wou'd be fatal to him, his | rincipal dependence being the plunder
he is to get from those very people whom yon wish to protect; besides be is only
one of rrnny others (sic) lower in the Gulph who follow tbe same trade, and will now
be more induced to do it than ever, seeing the bad success we have had with our
forces at Bnssorah, which is the first time they have known such an instance. You
must expect constant complaints that no regard has been paid to the passes, which
yon have no power to redress, unless the fleet was kept whole year(s) in the Gulf ;
besides this we mnst he in a general state of war with all Arabs, and, if no notice is
taken ot the insult, our credit is lost. Upon the whole it appears the most extra
ordinary transaction that could have occurred to you and (been) executed without
any orders from your superiors.
rt in ^
It can hardly be doubted that in consequence of these strictures,
passed on the 2nd of March 17G8, the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. scheme of granting
colours and passes must have been withdrawn from operation; but there
may have been some delay in communicating the orders of the Court, for
in September 1769 the Agent and Council at Basrah themselves enquired
of the Bombay Government " Whether our cruizers were to give
" convoy and protection to the ships and vessels of any power whatever,
" if at variance with the* Caun, unless such ships and vessels were fur-
" nished with English passes and colours; and how far the furnishing
" such ships and vessels with such passes was compatible with the
" interests of the India Company ?"
Protection of trade generally, in so far as it was undertaken bv the
Company at this time, at length came to depend on a system of convoys.
* Karim Khan, Vakil of Persia.
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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