'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (309/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
estimated at 20 lakhs of rupees, with return exports of 12 lakhs in goods
and 8 lakhs in specie and bullion. The Indian imports into Turkish 'Iraq
amounted to 30 lakhs annually, paid for by merchandise to the value of
20 lakhs and by specie and bullion to the \alue ot 10 lakli^ Bali rain
and the rest of the Arabian coast of the Gulf took 10 lakhs' worth a year
of Indian goods, and exported pearls to an equal extent. The value o£ the
Arabian coffee brought to tbe Gulf every year was estimated at 20 lath.
The two principal ports of foreign trade were Masqat and Basrali,
through one or other of which passed the great bulk of the goods that
either entered or left the Gulf. It was calculated that more than half
of the Indian imports at Bushehr and Basrah and the bulk of those into
Bahrain were received through Masqat; and, similarly, the goods
arriving by laud from Europe, Asia Minor, etc., were distributed from
Basrah^as a centre. Bushehr was now practically the only port of Persia,
as Basrah was of Turkish 'Iraq; Bahrain served Hasa and Centra
Arabia thiough Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and Qatif ; and Masqat was almost exclusively
a port of transit. Bushehr and Kuwait were sometimes used as bases
from which to smuggle goods into Turkish 'Iraq and even across Turkish
'Iraq to Europe.
The transport of goods between India and the Gulf was cairied on
partly by vessels which were the property of European merchants in thi
East, partly by vessels owned by Muhammadan merchants of Surat, an
partly by vessels belonging to Arab merchants of Masqat* distribi.
tion of goods from Masqat was at first conducted by means of M a&l i au
shipping j but, after the Arab occupation of Bahrain in 11 S3, the Utub
threw themselves successfully into the carrying trade, securing »
proportion of that between Masqat and Basrah, and even began to make
voyages on their own account to and from India. The 'Utub also ma e
themselves respected at sea by repelling some piratical attacks of the a a
upon their vessels. The mercantile marine of Masqat continued as ye >
however, to be the most important belonging to any state in the Cru ^
it consisted of "dows, dingies and square-rigged vessels, belougu-
Arabs" ; and the people of Masqat were reckoned a active and en
prising, though not very skillful seamen/'
It was considered, even in these days of sailing shipt>, that ^
passage from India to Basrah, or vice versa, was one that ml &
safely attempted at any season of the year ; but from June to Septen ^
on account of the prevalence of the south-w T est monsoon, a direct V - - o
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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