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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎170] (313/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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170
Depredations of the French upon British sea-borne commerce in
the East, and British defensive arrangements, 1798-1810.
The Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. was only a small part of the field over which the
Anglo-French struggle in Eastern waters was fought out, the base used
by the French in their operations being the island of Mauritius, from
which various important routes of communication by sea were easily
assailable. One of the earliest seizures made by the French in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. was that of the " Pearl ^ in 1799, which is mentioned in
the history of the 'Oman Sultanate; it was attended by an encounter
between a British and a French war vessel in which both were destroyed
by fire and the explosion of their magazines; but the French succeeded
in carrying their prize to Masqat. In 1803 the East India Company's
small ciuisei Fly was captured off the island of Qais and brought
to Bushehr by the French privateer " La Fortune/' Captain SurcoufE,
of much gieater strength, as described in the history of the Persian
Coast; and the " 1 ly was not the only vessel taken by this Frenchman
in the course of hie raid in the Gulf.
Ihere was no want of vigilance on the part of the British Govern-
mei-t or of the Last India Company; but their efforts, so long as the
Irench retained Mauritius, were by no means completely successful.
In 1798 a squadron of the Koyal Navy watched the straits of Bab-
al-Mandab, while another was stationed on the Malabar coast. In
17.^9 a Biitish naval force was sent to cruise in the lied Sea, and the
island of Perim was occupied from 3rd May to 1st September by
troops from Bombay, which were afterwards transferred to Aden and
remained there until March 1800. Later in 1800, however, two armed
Irench vessels began to stop and examine native shipping in the
neighbourhood of Aden, and fears were entertained of their visiting the
Person Gulf, for which they were said to be bound, but they dii not
make their appearance in that quarter. The removal of the French army
from ^Igypt in 1801 made little difference in the situation in Indian
waters ; and in 1807 alone the damage caused by the French to Calcutta
shipping was computed at £300,000. At last, with the surrender of
Mauritius on the 3rd December 1810 by General de Caen to a naval
and military force despatched from India under General Abercromby,
vexatious activity of the French in the Eastern Seas came to an end.

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
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English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎170] (313/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575942.0x000072> [accessed 21 May 2018]

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