'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (333/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
under their eyes, or even by the expulsion of their own garrison by
a British and 'Omani force from the port of Shinas ; which they
had lately seized. Their attitude towards the Saiyid of 'Oman was
menacing in the extreme.
In 1811 Muhammad J Ali, Pasha of Egypt, began his operations
for the recovery of the Turkish Red Sea districts usurped by the
Wahhabis ; and the effect of his movements was felt at once even on
the opposite side of Arabia, their hold upon which the Wahhabis found
themselves obliged partially to relax. Before the end of the year
Qatar and Bahrain, attacked by the Saiyid of 'Oman, were evacuated
by their garrisons ; but Mutlaq, their able and energetic commander at
Baraimi, was nevertheless able to invade the 'Oman Sultanate and to
capture the fort of Samail in the heart of that country. In 1811 or 1812
a symptom of anxiety, or at least of a willingness to abandon hie policy
of haughty isolation, was shown by the Wahhabi Amir in despatching
an envoy to the Persian Government of Fars; but the mission had no
visible results. In 1812, after one serious disaster, the Egyptians
succeeded in expelling the Wahhabis from Madinah ; and in the following
year they recovered Makkah, J iddah and Taif; but an expedition which
they made against Turabah ended in failure. The Hajj or public
pilgrimage to Makkah and Madinah, closed by the Wahhabis since
1802, was now thrown open once more to the Muhammadan world.
Notwithstanding the reverses sustained by the Wahhabis and some
military assistance lent by Persia to the Sultan of Oman, the Wahhabi
commander at Baraimi was again able, in 1812-1818, to invade the
Sultanate with success, to overrun the districts of Masqat, Eastern
Ilajar and Ja'alan with fire and sword, and to attach permanently to
the W alihabi interest, by their conversion to Wahhabi principles, two of
the leading tribes in the eastern part of the country. Towards the end
of 1813, however, after a profitable inroad into the Batinah district,
Mutlaq was killed in operations against a tribe in the interior
of Oman ; and the weakened position of the Wahhabis in Eastern
Arabia could then no longer be disguised. In 1814 the Wahhabi
state suffered a still greater loss in the death of the Amir Sa'ud, a
chief of diplomatic and administrative ability; and after this their
affairs, partly for want of his intelligent guidance, and partly on account
of the obstinate perseverance of the Egyptians in their attacks from
the west, went steadily from bad to worse. In September 1814 the
^ Vahhabjs, under a local leader achieved a victory over the Egyptians
111 Zabr a n i but this was their last triumph. In January 1815 the
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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