'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (373/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
of the Turko-
A joint Turko-Persian Commission for the settlement of all
difficulties, on which Britain and Russia as mediating powers were also
to he represented, had already been arranged when the massacre at Karbala
occurred. For a moment war after the massacre seemed imminent; but
the deputation of a British officer to Karbala^ representing the Russian as
well as his own Government, enabled the crisis to be peacefully surmounted;
and the joint Commission held sittings at Erzeroum during 184344), after
which, on account of the intractibility of the Turkish Commissioner, the
negotiations were conducted in Europe. In 181*7 the Second Treaty of
Erzeroum was signed. It settled all disputed points in principle, but it
left most matters of detail for future adjustment, and it had to be amplified
by assurances on the part of the British and Russian Ambassadors at
Constantinople before Turkey linally consented to ratify it.
An attempt was then made, by means of another joint Commission
formed in 1848, in which British and Russian representatives were again
included, to define the Turko-Persian frontier on the spot. Very little was
effected, however, the unreasonableness of the Turkish delegate being
again the principal obstacle to progress; and in 1852 the Commission
broke up, not having done much more than collect information and survey
a belt of territory within which the true frontier line was considered to lie.
The treatment of Persian subjects by the authorities in Turkish Iraq
remained, notwithstanding the provisions of the Treaty of Erzeroum,
almost as unsatisfactory as before.
Difficulties between Britain and Persia, Anglo -Persian War, and
Treaty of Peace, 1853-57*
The endeavours of Britain, in conjunction with Russia, to obtain fair
treatment of Persia by Turkey were quickly followed by a diplomatic and
military rupture between Russia and Turkey, leading to one between Russia
and England, to which yet a third between Britain and Persia succeeded.
The Crimean war, due primarily to excessive Russian demands upon
Turkey, created much excitement in the Middle East. Strong efforts were
made by Russia, before the entry of France and Britain into the fray, to
induce Persia to act with her against Turkey ; and at one time they pro
mised to be successful. Turkey on her part, inspired by hopes of becoming
master of Muhammareh, as Persia may have been by dreams of securing
Karbala and Najaf, would not perhaps have regarded a Russo -Persian coali*
tion against her with any greater dismay than a war with Russia only; ^
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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