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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎259] (402/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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22nd February to 23r(i March 186.?.
15th July to 10th September 1863.
2nd December 1863 to 11th January 1864.
3rd to 30th September 1864.
Ist November to 23rd December 1864.
12th January to 25th March;i865.
30th March to 22nd April 1865.
14th October to 21st December 1865 and from
28th December 1865 to 21st April 1866.
i to"
might otherwise have devolved on the Assistant,
to the end that periods as per margin have
been passed by me in the open or on boardship.
The reduction of the Indian Navy Establishr
ment, which was regarded simply as relieving
f . . . . . Resident as a disbursing officer, has, in
tact, gmn him no option other than to persuade by moral and individual power
1,500 miles of predatory coastal tribes, who had previously been coerced, or
lawless at will. The Treasury Department, relieved of I the Naval disbursements, has
received those of the Telegraph and other miscellaneous items. The Consular powers
with which it was proposed to endow the Resident were found to be inadmissible under
0 lr . lea ^ en & a g e ments with Persia; and in point of fact there is not, in so far as I
am in oimed, any Legislative Act or JResolution of Government which would bear me
on .n t e exercise of any magisterial authorit}', or in the practical execution of my
aS 0 " ^ ie Maritime Truce. Simultaneously with your telegra'
p ic e\elopment, the postal and steam communication opened up, and steam, as usual,
Was : ^ 0 ^ owe( i hy increased traffic of goods and passengers. The cotton crisis in Bombay
ga\e a sudden excitement to the export of cotton in Persia, which suddenly increased
a undied-fold. It was further found out'here that, if opium could pay a duty of
Rs. 1,600 a chest in Bombay, Persia could lay it down of an equally good quality and
fiee of duty, hence a trade through Batavia with China sprung up. The vast
cultivation of cotton in our own provinces seems to have decreased ; the growth of corn
the littoial of the Gulf found it could supply us ; hence a recent corn trade. Meantime,
Russia has been pushing on from the northward telegraph lines, and other European
speculations have been contemplated or executed; and all these material effects of
civilization are accompanied by European Agents, whose manners and customs awaken
thought, and with increased vitality inoculate Asiatic deepotismn with increased irrita
tion. The general result at the present moment is comparative restlessness, inquisiti-
veness, and what we should term radicalism, requiring on the part of all authorities
concerned a watchfulness and state of preparation, which would have been premature
so long as these regions remained in a condition of social and political stagnation.
This is the drift of my argument.
5. On the other hand, I am sensible of the forcible argument which might be
advanced in favour of the English Government abstaining from foreign relations and
holding itself fortified within its own Indus Frontier. But I fear that with States,
as with individuals, it requires almost superhuman wisdom and strength of will to stand
permanently isolated and alone. An individual, indeed, may, perhaps, succeed, having
the requisite staff within himself; but the life of a State involves a succession of
Rulers, and if he who succeed lack those qualities upon which is based the policy of
his predecesbor, there is risk that the State will have to regain by force or convulsion
the status to which it would otherwise have naturally grown.
Part of letter Ao. 104, dated the 19th June 1S69.
11. Government are probably informed of.the asserted intention on the part of the
French to open a line from Suez to Bussorah so soon as the Lesseps canal shall admit.
A French Agent who recently toured from Muscat to the|Shui-ool-Arab reported, I under-
26 A

About this item


Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎259] (402/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2018]

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