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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎304] (447/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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British con
sular appoint
ment, etc.
Hostility of
the Turkish
administra
tion to
British
interests.
Obstruction
to the move
ments of
the R. I. M.
S. " Comet."
304
Karun to navigation had invited. The only British firm which seriously
took advantage of the concession was the Euphrates and Tigris Steam
Navigation Company (Messrs. Lynch), whose steamers had plied for more
than a quarter of a century on the Tigris; and a subsidy was presently
granted at the joint cost of Her Majesty's Government and the Govern,
ment of India to enable them to persevere with 'heir enterprise in the face
of difficulties which existed. These difficulties were great and varied. They
included official obstruction on the part of the Persian Government, espe
cially by imposing arbitrary embargoes on the exportation of grain and
withholding the means of obtaining ordinary accommodation and businesg
facilities ; unfair competition by native merchants and local authorities; an
obligation to maintain a service on the upper KaruL, which proved unprofit
able, in the name of the Shah ; and popular prejudice and fanaticism. The
export trade of the country, however, rapidly increased ; and, from the fact
that Messrs. Lynch did not abandon their enterprise, it may be Inferred
that their gains in ordinary trade more than compensated for the steady
loss which, in spite of the British subsidy^ was understood to be the result
of the Euphrates and Tigris Steam Navigation Company's operations.
In connection with the development of navigation and trade there were
established at Muhammareh a British Vice-Consulate in 1890 and a
British Indian Post Office in 1892.
British official matters in Turkish 'Irac, 1888-94.
The usual disfavour tow r ards British enterprise in Turkish 'Iraq conti
nued to be manifested by the local authorities ; and in 1893-91, when the
Porte were endeavouring to assert undivided authority over the whole
waterway of the S hatt-al- ; Arab, vexatious interference with British Indian
sailing vessels and blackmailing of the crews on various pretexts became
common, especially at Pao. This matter had some connection with, but
did not entirely depend on, the Turkish claim to Muhammareh ; conse
quently the annoyances in question did not entirely cease with the aban
donment of that claim.
Attempts were made to interfere with the movements of the Baghdad
Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. steamer " Comet ^ even on the lower Tigris ; and in 1894,
shortly afto the close of the period, a voyage'which she made to Samarrah
on the uppci Tigris formed the subject of an official protest by the Porte,
who now foimally denied her right to navigate the river above

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎304] (447/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x000030> [accessed 25 May 2018]

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