'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (467/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
secret; and towards the close of the period a political party had begun
to take shape in Turkey whose object was the establishment of represen
tative government. It was not apparent then that, as later events
demonstrated, the causes of Turkish decline lay deeper than in the "abso
lutism " of the administration.
In Turkish ''Iraq there was a recrudescence of the tribal disorders whicli
had temporarily ceased, for no ascertainable reason, during the last period.
In 1899-1900 the lower Tigris was disturbed by the depredations of the
Bani Asad. In 1903 the Al Bu Muhammad tribe in the same neighbour
hood came into conflict with the Government, and a massacre was
committed among them by Turkish troops. From 1900 to 1905 SaMun
Pasha, the Shaikh of the great Muntafik tribe on the lower Euphrates,
was almost continuously in rebellion against the Porte, whom he successfully
defied. Three military expeditions were launched against him in vain,
with serious consequences on one occasion to a detachment of Turkish
The economic condition of the province, however, continued to improve,
— chiefly it is true in consequence of the slow, natural, inexplicable process
by which commercial interests assert themselves amidst military and
unsettled surroundings. Direct official efforts at amelioration were also
not entirely wanting. In 1904 a great impulse was given to steam
navigation on the Tigris through the acquisition by the Administration of
the Sultan's Civil List of all the Turkish steamers on the rivers of
Mesopotamia ; a new department, styled the Hamidiyah Navigation
Office, came into existence ; and effective competition with the operation
of the (British) Euphrates and Tigris Steam Navigation Company was
created, by which general trade did not fail to benefit. Sir William
Willcocks, a British irrigation engineer who had gained a high reputation
in Egypt, about the same time turned his attention to the problem of
irrigating Mesopotamia. A vast scheme elaborated by him was brought
to the notice of the Turkish Government in 1905, but failed to obtain
immediately their practical support. The need for action in irrigation
matters had been emphasized by the failure of the original
barrage, with results disastrous to a large tract of country, in 1903.
Ilasa showed no signs of progress in security or civilisation, though
it had now been under Turkish administration for thirty years. In ^' v
a large caravan moving from the interior to a port on the coast was
captured by Bedouins when one march short of its destination; a conside
able military escort which accompanied it was virtually annihilated, a
the value of the booty that fell into the hands of the raiders was estimate
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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