'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (502/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
interview with a son of the Wahhabi Amir at Kuwait during a visit to
that port in 1903.
Aifairs and foreign relations of Kuwait, 1899-1905.
As has already been explained, the principality of Kuwait was brought
within the political purview of Britain by the prospect of its becoming the
terminus of a railway from the Mediterranean. During the period under
consideration the importance of Kuwait to the British Government was still
the same ; and eagerness to make themselves masters of the place, which
may or may not have been due to its value for railway purposes, began to be
evinced by the Turks. At the beginning of 1899 Shaikh Mubarak, the ruler
of Kuwait, signed an Exclusive Agreement which debarred him in the
same manner as the Shaikhs of Trucial 'Oman were debarred) from
receiving representatives of foreign powers other than Britain, and also (like
the Sultan of 'Oman) from alienating any part of his territory to foreign
governments or subjects without the previous approval of Britain.
He received in return a written assurance of the continued exercise, on
certain conditions, of British good offices in his favour. Both documents
were so drawn up as to bind, and apply to, the Shaikh's heirs and success
ors as well as himself.
The Agreement, which was in the first instance secret, had no sooner
been concluded than the Turks endeavoured to assert their authority over
Kuwait by various means. One expedient was the despatch of a harbour
master from Basrah with a small military guard to take charge of the port
of Kuwait, but the Shaikh did not suffer him to remain in the place. There
was talk of forcible Turkish action against Kuwait, and a strong warning-
was addressed to the Porte through His Britannic Majesty's Ambassador at
Constantinople, which elicited an ample disclaimer, accompanied, however,
by assertions that Kuwait belonged to Turkey. A few months later, in
1900, the Turkish Government were given to understand in unmistakeable
terms that Britain could not consent to any alterations of the status quo, or
cession of territory to foreigners, at Kuwait. In 1901, after the Shaikh s
return from his unsuccessful expedition into Najd, the Turkish Wali of
Basrah visited Kuwait and endeavoured to cajole the dispirited ruler into
accepting a Turkish garrison at Kuwait j but Mubarak had sufficient liim-
ness of mind left to refuse. The attempt was renewed later in the year
through the commander of a Turkish gunboat, but again it failed, a Liitish
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
Use and share this item
- Share this item
'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (502/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x000067> [accessed 22 May 2018]
Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.
<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x000067">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎359] (502/1782)</a> <a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x000067"> <img src="https://images.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000884.0x000148/IOR_L_PS_20_C91_1_0502.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" /> </a>
Copyright: How to use this content
- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
- East India Company, the Board of Control, the India Office, or other British Government Department
- Usage terms
- Open Government Licence