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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎360] (503/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Turkish en
croachments
on Kuwait
territory.
360
vessel being present in the harbour ; and the Porte and the British Govern
ment then mutually agreed that the status quo at Kuwait should be respec
ted,. Before the end of the year, in disregard of this agreement, an attempt
was made by the Turks, by means of an ultimatum, to compel the Shaikh
to receive their troops. This time the Shaikh wavered, but in the end,
supported by the presence of British vessels of war, returned a negative
reply. The Porte then asserted that the ultimatum had not been authorised
by themselves ; but a few weeks later there were various indications that a
combined attack upon Kuwait by the Turks and Ibn Rashid was immment,
I bn Rashid had already, for some time, been threatening the place from a
distance. A British naval force of five vessels was accordingly concentrated
in Kuwait Bay, and arrangements were made to assist the Shaikh, both on
sea and land, to repel the expected assault. This crisis, which happened
at the beginning of the year 1902, passed harmlessly over.
Foiled in their design of seizing Kuwait town, the Turks resorted to
piecemeal encroachments on Kuwait territory. Early in 1902 they estab
lished military posts at Safwanand Umm Qasr and on Bubiyan Island,
their object being clearly to secure possession of Khor ^Abdullah and its
branches j nor could their withdrawal from these places be obtained. In the
summer of 1902 arrangements were made at a base in Turkish territory for
a piratical descent on the town of Kuwait from the sea, but they were
di\ ulgcd, and the vessels of the expedition were scattered by a British gun
boat at the mouth of the Shatt-al-'Arab. in the winter of 1902-03 a
demonstration was made against Kuwait by Ibn Rashid, after which exter
nal alarms ceased; but the Shaikh had still to endure various persecutions
at the hands of the Turks which his ownership of large estates in Turkish
'Iraq enabled them to inflict on him.
In 1904, after a visit paid by the Viceroy of India to Kuwait at the end
of 1903, it was decided to appoint a British political officer to Kuwait to
watch Kuwait and Turkish and Central Arabian affairs, but, in consequence
of a complaint by the Porte that the creation of this post amounted to a
violation by Britain of the status quo, it was, after the lapse of some
months, left temporarily vacant.
It should be observed that Germany, on account of her railway schemes,
took almost as close an interest as Turkey in Kuwait. The visit of a
German rarlway commission to Kuwait early in 1900 was the occasion of
no of th( warnings addressed by Britain to Turkey in regard to interfer*
eace with the Shaikh ; and the German Ambassador at Constantinople was
pJirnly informed, at the same time, that the Shaikh was not free to grant
nds Baghdad Railway Company without the permission of the

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎360] (503/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x000068> [accessed 22 May 2018]

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