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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎390] (533/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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390
On the Shatt-
al-'Arab.
The arms
trade; its
represBion
undertaken
by Britain
in the Per
sian Gulf.
activity was renewed with lamentable results. In the British
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain twice visited Qatif and interviewed the Turkish
representative there, but could obtain no satisfactory assurances.
In the Shatt-al-'Arab, after an interval of two years' quiescence, piracy
in 1900 again became a scourge in the river and about its mouth. Nume
rous cases, some of them very serious, occurred ; the sufferers were chiefly
British Indian, Bahraini, and Persian vessels. Efforts were made to induce
the Turkish and Persian authorities to co-operate for the restoration of
security, and direct action was on some occasions taken by British vessels.
The Shaikh of Muhammareh made some response to the appeal of the
British authorities; and in 1905, principally in consequence of action taken
by him, there were signs of improvement. No compensation was obtained,
however, for numerous injuries to British subjects navigating the river.
The trade in arms and ammunition showed an alarming increase, and
its evil effects began to appear not only in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , where the
possession of rifles by their subjects was rapidly undermining the authority
of the Persian and Turkish Governments in their own territories, but also
on the North-West Frontier of British India, where arms and ammunition
obtained from the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. made their appearance in large quantities
among the hill tribes, greatly increasing the difficulty of an already difficult
border administration. From time to time changes were remarked in the
course of the trade ; and it may perhaps be reckoned an advantage that the
methods of those engaged in it became by degrees more systematic, and con
sequently more easily followed and understood. The greatest place of
importation was Masqat, where the trade, under treaties with European
nations and America, was free; and it was considered impracticable to secure
the assent of France, the power after Britain chiefly interested, to any
revision of the Sultan of , Oman^s commercial engagements which would
enable that ruler to exclude the trade from his dominions. A secondary
base of the traffic had been formed at Kuwait, where a nominal—but only
nominal—prohibition of it was enacted by the Shaikh under British advice
in 1900 : Kuwait was the market from which the warring powers in Central
Arabia and the Arabs of Turkish 'Iraq principally obtained their supplies
of rifles and cartridges. An interdict of the trade in Trucial 'Oman,
arranged in 1902, narrowed the question to one of preventing the exit
from Masqat of the arms and ammunition which could not after 190;' be
lawfully landed at any other place in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. or Gulf of 'Oman
except Qatar, which was unimportant and where there was no ruling
chef in relations with the British Government. Dispositions were made,
in consultation with the Sultan of 'Oman, for checking the export of arms

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎390] (533/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x000086> [accessed 16 August 2018]

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