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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎401] (544/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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85
401
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In 1634 the Portuguese repaired their forts at Masqat ; and about 1640
the place was deemed an " impregnable fortress." The appointment of
Commandant was believed to be worth 50 ; 00(J ducats a year.
It was at this time ; however^ that the Arabs of 'Oman, encouraged by
the growth of their own power, began a series of assaults upon the
Portuguese which ended in the expulsion of the latter from the
country.' In 1640 the Imam of ''Oman, being informed by Arabs
employed in the Portuguese customs house at Masqat that the garrison
had been seriously reduced by the despatch of troops with a naval
expedition, attacked the place; but he was repulsed with considerable loss.
On the 7th of November 1643, however, Sohar was captured by the
Arabs, some of the Portuguese garrison being killed and others taken
prisoners; and Khor Pakkan, if it had been retained after its capture by
Ruy Freire in 1628, which is doubtful, must apparently have been lost
about the same time. At length, on the 16th of August 1648, a large
Arab force, under the command of Sa'id-bin-Khalifah, commenced a
regular siege of Masqat; and on the 11th of September, the ammunition
of the Portuguese beginning to fail, negotiations were opened; but the
demands of the Arabs were so extravagant that the besieged prolonged
their defence to the uttermost and did not finally capitulate until the 31st
of October, by which time the hills above M akallah had fallen into the
possession of the enemy, and plague, with a mortality of 50 a day, was
raging in the town. Peace was then arranged on the following terms :
that the Portuguese should raze to the ground certain forts which they
possessed at Matrah, Quryat and Sur* ; that the Imam should demolish
a fort which he had built at Matrah, that place for the future to be
considered neutral; that 'Omani vessels should go abroad unchecked, but
should take Portuguese passes for the return voyage; that subjects of the
Imam should pay no duties, either personal or commercial, on entering
or leaving Masqat; that trade should be in every respect free ; and that
the Arabs should destroy all fortifications erected during the siege, while
the Portuguese should not build 'anything upon the site of their
demolished works. These terms clearly involved the financial ruin of the
Portuguese settlement; but there was no alternative to acceptance.
The Captain-General of Masqat, Dom Juliao de Noronha, and the \edor
of Finances were subsequently placed under arrest by order of the King of
Portugal with a view to an enquiry into their conduct; but the final
rmilt of the proceedings against them is not recorded.
* Mr. Danvers (11. 296) gives the name as "Dobar," but from another anthonty
it appears that Sur must be meant.
Arab attack
upon Masqat
and loss of
Sohar, Qui'-*
yat and Sur
by the Portu
guese,
] 640-48.

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
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English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎401] (544/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x000091> [accessed 17 October 2018]

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