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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎595] (738/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Efforts of Saiyid Fadhl to recover Dhufar, 1879-1887.
On his expulsion from Dhufar in 1879 the Moplah Saiyid Fadhl had
retired in the first instance to Makalla ; but ; his intrigues there meeting
with no success, he made his way during the next few months by way of
Berbera and J iddah to Constantinople. There he quickly gained the ear
of the Sultan of Turkey; and, before the end of the year, that monarch,
notwithstanding the advice of his ministers, was almost persuaded to
lend the Saiyid active assistance for the recovery of Dhufar. In 1880
Saiyid Fadhl wrote to the Sultan of 'Oman that he had gone to
Constantinople in connection with a scheme of reforms for Dhufar, that he
was now about to return, and that he was astonished at the presumption
of Turki in violating Turkish territory ; and about the same time the
Sharif of Makkah advised the Porte to recognise and support Fadhl, because,
he said, the 'Omani annexation of Dhufar would produce a bad effect
in Arabia. In August of the same year the honorary title of "Wazir"
was conferred on Saiyid Fadhl by the Sultan of Turkey. In March 1883
Fadhl again wrote to Saiyid Turki from Constantinople, claiming that
friendship existed between himself and the British Government and stating
that he would never renounce his claims to Dhufar; and this missive was
followed in July by one from the Sharif of Makkah, in whicli the Sultan
of ; Oman was advised to renounce his claims to Dhufar in favour of ladhl.
To the suggestion contained in the latter of these Saiyid Turki, advised
by Colonel 0 Miles, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , returned a courteous refusal,
stating that Dhufar had belonged to the Portuguese, to the Ya arabi
dynasty of 'Oman and to his own ancestors, but that Saiyid Fadhl had no
hereditary claim. In 1884 the Government of Bombay received, thiough
the Turkish Consul-General there, a letter from Saiyid Fadhl, in which he
complained of the action of the Sultan of ; Oman in Dhufar ; and the
question of Dhufar formed the subject of several articles in the Aiabic
newspaper "Ftidal", published at Constantinople.
It was in 1886, however, during the temporary or at least partiaj
evacuation of Dhufar by the Government of ''Oman, that Saiyid Fadhl
made his chief effort to recover the district; but it was frustrated by
British intervention. On the 20th of J anuary in that year the retuinmg
pilgrim ship " Metapediaunder British colours, was boarded at
Aden, and Muhammad, a son of Fadhl, with 16 personal attendants and
100 disbanded Arab soldiers of the Sharif of Makkah, was found o e
on board; on the vessel being searched a large quantity of arms and
ammunition, including revolvers and Martini-Henry rifles anc cai ines,
was discovered and confiscated under the Arms Act. Muhamma , w ose
object was undoubtedly a descent on Dhufar, then landed to ^ awai , as
he said, the orders of the Porte; but he did not apparently receive any.
A little later it was reported that an agent of Muhammad ha
succeeded in conveying to Salalah in Dhufar the luikisi a o r „ an , . f
document purporting to be a Turkish commission, as also some ur is
coin and a quantity of military stores, all of which he had eposi e in
the house of one of the A1 Kathir. No overt act, however, followe s
47 a
of Fadhl at
nople, 1879-
descent on
Dhufar in
the interest
of Fadhl
frustrated by
the British
authorities at
Aden, 1886.
of Fadhl,

About this item


Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
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English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎595] (738/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 January 2019]

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