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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎602] (745/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Kasii Khan
I of Kalat,
Grant of
Gwadar by
Nasir Khan
I to Saiyid
and validity
of the grant.
After a time ; however, the Gichkis quarrelled among themselves over
questions of religion ; and the assistance of Nasir Khan I of Kalat the
younger brother and successor of the Brahui chief Mohbat Khan 'was
invoked by one of the contending factions. Nasir Khan—who reigned
from 1750 to 1793 and was a vassal of Afghanistan, not, as Mohbat
Khan had been, of Persia—then commenced a series of incursions into
the Gichki territories; and eventually, about 1778, he obtained for
himself a moiety of the revenues of those districts, the administration
however, remaining in the hands of the Gichkis.
In 1784, as has been related in the history of the 'Oman Sultanate
Saiyid Sultan-bin-Ahmad, then an unsuccessful pretender to the sov
ereignty of 'Oman, sought refuge in Makran. According to local tradi
tions Saiyid Sultan came first to Zik, a fortified village of the Mirwaris in
Kolwa, and thence, having been joined by Dad Karim, Mirwari, proceeded
to Kharan, where his cause was espoused by Mir Jahangir, a Naushairwani
chief. The confederates then resorted to Nasir Khan at Kalat, who at
first apparently undertook to assist Saiyid Sultan in makino-'himself
master of 'Oman, but eventually, it would seem, receded from his promise
and instead conferred the port of Gwadar—at the time an insignificant
fishing village—upon the 'Omaiii exile.
The exact nature of the grant by Nasir Khan is shrouded in an
obscurity which it is now probably too late to dispel, and it has in
recent times become a subject of controversy. In support of the claims of
Kalat to the ownership oi Gwadar at the present day it is alleged that
the grant was not permanent, and that it was only for the maintenance of
Saiyid Sultan so long as he should continue to be a refugee in Makran;
while on behalf of the Omani Sultan it is contended that the object of the
anangement was to secure naval protection for the coasts of Makran, by
enlisting the co-operation of a prince whose ultimate succession to the
sovereignty of Oman was regarded by Nasir Khan as certain. An
aigument on which the advocates of the Brahui claim rely is that in
™ half the revenue of Gwadar still, apparently, belonged to the
Gichkis, and could not therefore be lawfully alienated by Nasir Khan:
to prove the survival of the Gichki rights in 1784 reference is made to
deeds executed by the Gichkis in 1778 and 1793, which convey a share in
the revenues of Gwadar and Chahbar to a certain deserving individual,
and a statement made by the writer Haji 'Abdun Nabi in 1839 is
quoted, to the effect that only the Brahui half share of the revenue of
Gwadar was conferred by Nasir Khan upon Saiyid Sultan. It is added-
o inc ude here evidences of a still later date—that the Gichkis continued
to receive their share of the revenue of Gwadar, amounting to §3,000,*
up o the time of Bibi Maryam, a Bulaidai lady who was married
p vi- I ' thls l )erson was described in 1868 by the Assistant
political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Gwadar as living on the charity of the Sultans of
.Masqat, but it is asserted by the Gichkis that what she received was
really hers by right, and that it represented the Gichki share of the
revenue, which the Sultans of 'Oman had gradually curtailed. From
is s lor summaiy of the arguments it will be seen that the Masqat case
re« s P 1 a( ' ica y upon the prescription of a century and upon nothing else,
Sulttnr.lS^S 18 8aidt0 have been ft 7 ' 000 a year, of which the 'Omani
amounting to $loOO ^ aCOOUIlt the ex P e nses of collection, besides his own share
tair 1

About this item


Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎602] (745/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 January 2019]

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