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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎660] (803/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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sequel: it involved the acceptance of naval and military aid from the
Saiyid of ^Onian and the ultimate occupation of Qishra under his authority,
but without his financial assistance.
attributed to undue interference by the British Government in native affairs in the
Gulf; he endeavoured to explain away the " Bassein " and " Viper " cases of 1797 •
and he represented the QawSsim and the 'Utub as obliged by the Wahhabis to engage
in piracy against their will. Of the Qawasim he wrote : " The Joassmees then, not
" being free agents but compelled by the Chiefs placed over them by the Wahabee to
" engage in maritime depredations, do not appear to be bo atrociously guilty, so deeply
stained with the crimes of piracy, as I thought when I was less acquainted with their
" histoiy. * » # * The prevalence of piracy, then, in the Gnlph of Persia
" may be attributed wholly and exclusively to the instigation of the Wahabee tribe.
Under that impression I feel disposed in some degree to advocate the cause even of the
" Joassmee tribe, and to palliate their enormities." Mr. Warden regarded the Saijid of
Oman, on whose weakness and restlessness he dwelt at length, as a most unBuitable
chief to be invested with any sort of general supremacy in the Gulf ; and it cannot
be doubted that he stood on firm ground when he insisted that the Saiyid had no valid
claim to the overlordship of the Pirate Coast, that the Persian Government would
object to his being placed in possession of Bahrain, and that fcis claim to sovereign
rights over Qishm, as against Persia, was probably ill-founded. Mr. Warden
was in favour ot reducing the strength of the proposed expedition and of limiting ita
scope to the restoration of the authority of Shaikh Sultan, the lawful non-Wahhabi
head of the Qawasim, for which purpose he would have invoked the co-ooeratiou not
only of the Saiyid of'Oman, but also of the Shihuh, the Bani Yas, the 'Utub of
Baluain and Kuwait, the Persians, and the Turks. He agreed, however, with the
„eiieial opinion that a British station should be established on the island of Qishm,
but to thi* end he would have negotiated with the Government of Persia rather than
with that of 'Oman, and he was even in favour of a transfer of the Persian Gnlf
Bfsidency from Bushehr to Qishm. He urged the desirability of a convention with
the tiibes for the suppression of piracy, the importance of a right to visit all ports and
destroy anned vessels, aud the necessity of a prohibition of the export of ship-building
timber from India.
Some of Mr. "VV arden s suggestions had results which are traceable in the subse
quent picceedingg ; but his general line of argument did not meet with the approval
of Government. In a minute, dated 6th September 1819, Sir E. Nepean, the Governor
of Bombay, observed : 'The Board is already in possession of my opinion on the rest
^ of the points ccntained in Mr. Warden s minute ; and all that mav be necessary for me
" at pre8ent to t add is that the impressions formed by all the most intelligent officers,
(( nava ^ an( l military, who have for some years past visited the Gulph are directly in
<( 0 PP 08 ^ on ^ those entertained b}' Mr. Warden ; and so far from thinking they (? the
^ tribes) are disposed to quit their present predatory habits and to have recourse to
'< k mi " ero ' a ^ P ursu it8, they consider their present habits so deeply rooted that nothing
Ut 8trong hand 0 * P ower will keep them down. What said the Chief of Rasell-
^ 3 0n " ^' Uce 8 ieiuonstances in consequence of his breach of engagement on
< 1 urt of home vessels belonging to our native subjects ? ' If we (meaning the
(e » ' ^ ^ eit a,<e< l e to the proposition of respecting vessels navigated by natives
of India, we must starve. "*

About this item


Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
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English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎660] (803/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 February 2019]

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