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'File 61/11 VI (D 102) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎99r] (218/522)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (259 folios). It was created in 2 Feb 1931-30 Aug 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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thi s docum^t IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT
4^ \i A'
EASTERN ( A rabia ), j March 20, 1934.
CONFIDENTIAL.
S ection 2.
[E 1803/2/25] No. 1.
Sir E. Drummond to Sir John Simon.—(Received March 20.)
(No. 241.)
Sir, Rome, March 17, 1934.
I HAVE the honour to transmit to you herewith a translation of a letter
which I have received from Signor Suvich in reply to my letter of the
24th January, a copy of which was transmitted to you in my despatch No. 84 of
the 26th January.
2. You will observe that the Italian Government, while appreciative of the
action of His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, express certain
apprehensions regarding the present situation and revert in effect to their proposal
to hold what they apparently wish to be secret conversations in Rome. I still feel,
as stated in my despatch No. 1022 of the 30th December last, that if His Majesty's
Government found it possible to consent to these conversations, the efet
produced here would be good.
I have, &c.
ERIC DRUMMOND.
Enclosure in No. 1.
M. Suvich to Sir E. Drummond.
(Translation.)
My dear Ambassador, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Rome.
I THANK your Excellency for your courteous letter of the 24th January
last, in which you were so good as to send me the latest information regarding the
relations between Ibn Saud and the Imam, and the step which the British
Minister at Jedda, on instructions from the British Government, had taken
vis-a-vis the Saudi Government with a view to stopping the advance of the Saudi
troops and preventing the outbreak of hostilities.
The Italian Government appreciates the action taken by the British Govern
ment in this respect; and I may, in my turn, assure your Excellency that we have
continued, for our part, to exert all possible influence on the Imam with the
same objects of pacification which inspired the action of the Government in
London.
I hold that parallel action by the two Governments has indeed already
contributed to diminish the tension in the relations between the two Arab
kingdoms, and to induce the two Sovereigns to resume negotiations in order to
arrive at an agreement. Your Excellency will in fact be aware that Ibn Saud and
the Imam have decided to send their own delegations to a meeting which has
been called at Abha. The head of the Saudi delegation is the Under-Secretary
for Foreign Affairs, Euad Hamza. The Imam has nominated as head of the
Yemeni delegation Sayid Abdalla-el-Wazir, who left Sanaa on the 29th January
last, and travelled first to Saada, where he conferred for some days with the
Yemeni Crown Prince, Seif-el-Islam Ahmed, and afterwards went to Abha. The
conference at Abha was preceded by an exchange of wireless telegrams between
Ibn Saud and the Imam as a result of which it appeared that acceptable bases
had been found to enable the conference to examine and solve the following
questions:—
(fl) To decide the destiny of Asir and the form of its future administration^
with the consequent delimitation of the frontiers between the two
Arab States.
(fr) To settle the disputes regarding Nejran and the respective allegiance of
its tribes.
(c) To decide on the place where the Idrisi Emirs of Asir shall reside.
[d) To conclude a treaty of friendship between the two countries.
[56 u—2]

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Content

The volume contains two original files bound together. The first file (folios 1A-207) has the original reference 61/11 VI (D 102) and covers the period 7 November 1933 to 30 August 1934 and relates to Hejaz-Najd affairs. The second file (folios 208-243) has the original reference 61/6 VII (D 95) and covers the period 2 February 1931 to 5 August 1932 and relates to Najd affairs. Both contain letters, telegrams, memoranda, and reports sent between the British Legation in Jeddah, the Foreign Office in London, the Political Residencies in Bushire and Aden, the Political Agencies in Bahrain, Kuwait, and Muscat, the High Commissioner in Trans-Jordan, the High Commissioner in Baghdad (later the British Embassy following Iraqi independence in 1932), the Colonial Office in London, the Government of India, and Ibn Sa'ud.

The main subject of the first file is the territorial dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Contained in the volume are papers concerning Saudi Arabian advances into the territories of 'Asir and Yemen and the subsequent Treaty of Taif that largely settled the dispute. There is also coverage of diplomatic conversations between Italy and Britain regarding the dispute, including secret talks in Rome. Included is the full Arabic text of the Treaty (folios 143-150A) and an English translation (folios 156-177).

Other subjects covered in the first file are:

  • the visit of M. Maigret, the French Charge D'Affairs, to Riyadh to speak with Ibn Sa'ud;
  • the visit of Talaat Pasha Harb;
  • a provisional agreement signed by the United States and Saudi Arabia;
  • the prospect of gold in commercial quantities in the Hejaz.

Notable documents contained in the volume are a report on the heads of foreign missions in Jeddah, and a revised (June 1934) report on the leading personalities in Saudi Arabia.

The subjects covered by the second file are:

  • details and significance of a resurgence in war dancing by the Saudis;
  • the visit of Charles Crane to see Ibn Sa'ud;
  • a request for military assistance made by Saudi Arabia to Turkey;
  • the conditions of entry into Hasa for Hindu merchants.

At the end of each file are several pages of internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (259 folios)
Arrangement

Each of the two separate files which make up the volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The sequence starts on the first folio and continues through to the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, circled, and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. There are the following anomalies: 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D; 11A and 11B; 24A; 30A; 132A; 143A; 150A; and 236A. There are two other sequences, both uncircled and incomplete.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 61/11 VI (D 102) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎99r] (218/522), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/569, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023576505.0x000013> [accessed 20 October 2019]

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