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'File 61/11 VI (D 102) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎134r] (290/522)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (259 folios). It was created in 2 Feb 1931-30 Aug 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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4. V/hether the Treaty can be regarded as in any sence
in is d more dufxicul u Qnestion# I niyssXi* am inclined
bo think that it amounts to little or nothing of the kind. The
peculiar position of the parties as the only two really
Independent rulers in Arabia, both ardent xenophobes, has
Iriven them into impressive affirmations of their Moslem and
Irab solidarity. In this matter, if no other, the mission
)f Arah mediators may have made themselves felt. My new 'Iraqi
solleague goes so far as to attribute the recurrent phrase about
motherhood to the inspiration of the Amir Shakib 'Arslan,
?ith whom it is a favourite catchword. Great play is made
dth the doctrine that the people of the two "countries"
7hich are carefully distinguished, are one '■"nation", but the
CL 1
7ord wh&fch, for the want of^better/ equivalent ha'- been
translated "nation" is not used so as to imply any political
mity. It refers rather to that ideal unity of Moslems and
Irabs which it is the present fashion to acclaim.
5. "'hen all is said and dome there is little to suggest
i real pooling of interests except Articles 15 and 17.
The former of these is not very explicit. The latter
contains a singular a&finition of neutrality,
compounded, I think, of the three ideas that neutrality in
the European sense is a duty, that a brother's a brother for
af that and th^.t it iust as v/ell none the less to ti-gr a
brother up in the knots of a formal understanding 11 you
ehouM need to tmeVhie neutrality. I an not ignonnij the
reference in Article 19 to the poKSloility of m ultiw'ite
Cl1 .stoma union but that need not, I think, be tuKen very
seriously at present.
/6.

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Content

The volume contains two original files bound together. The first file (folios 1A-207) has the original reference 61/11 VI (D 102) and covers the period 7 November 1933 to 30 August 1934 and relates to Hejaz-Najd affairs. The second file (folios 208-243) has the original reference 61/6 VII (D 95) and covers the period 2 February 1931 to 5 August 1932 and relates to Najd affairs. Both contain letters, telegrams, memoranda, and reports sent between the British Legation in Jeddah, the Foreign Office in London, the Political Residencies in Bushire and Aden, the Political Agencies in Bahrain, Kuwait, and Muscat, the High Commissioner in Trans-Jordan, the High Commissioner in Baghdad (later the British Embassy following Iraqi independence in 1932), the Colonial Office in London, the Government of India, and Ibn Sa'ud.

The main subject of the first file is the territorial dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Contained in the volume are papers concerning Saudi Arabian advances into the territories of 'Asir and Yemen and the subsequent Treaty of Taif that largely settled the dispute. There is also coverage of diplomatic conversations between Italy and Britain regarding the dispute, including secret talks in Rome. Included is the full Arabic text of the Treaty (folios 143-150A) and an English translation (folios 156-177).

Other subjects covered in the first file are:

  • the visit of M. Maigret, the French Charge D'Affairs, to Riyadh to speak with Ibn Sa'ud;
  • the visit of Talaat Pasha Harb;
  • a provisional agreement signed by the United States and Saudi Arabia;
  • the prospect of gold in commercial quantities in the Hejaz.

Notable documents contained in the volume are a report on the heads of foreign missions in Jeddah, and a revised (June 1934) report on the leading personalities in Saudi Arabia.

The subjects covered by the second file are:

  • details and significance of a resurgence in war dancing by the Saudis;
  • the visit of Charles Crane to see Ibn Sa'ud;
  • a request for military assistance made by Saudi Arabia to Turkey;
  • the conditions of entry into Hasa for Hindu merchants.

At the end of each file are several pages of internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (259 folios)
Arrangement

Each of the two separate files which make up the volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The sequence starts on the first folio and continues through to the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, circled, and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. There are the following anomalies: 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D; 11A and 11B; 24A; 30A; 132A; 143A; 150A; and 236A. There are two other sequences, both uncircled and incomplete.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 61/11 VI (D 102) Hejaz-Nejd Miscellaneous' [‎134r] (290/522), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/569, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023576505.0x00005b> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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