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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎291v] (13/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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4 administration report of the persian gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. political
In July a mutual agreement was signed by all the trueial Chiefs of
the Pirate Coast regarding the surrender of fraudulent absconders, or
a nnpmiiv r payment of their liabilities. The text
of this agreement will be found in the
Appendix.
The coast was very unhealthy during the year, and there was great
mortality from small-pox and fever of a malarious type. At Shargah
alone it was reported that 2,500 persons had died.
With reference to the proceedings summarized in paragraphs
10 and 11 of the Annual Report for 1877-78, it has now to be noted that
the Al-Kobeysat branch of the Beni-Yas, formerly residing at ^Odeyd,
have of their own accord returned with Shaikh Batye-bin-Khadim to
Abu-Zhabbee and resumed allegiance to Shaikh 'Za^eed-bin-Khaleefah,
who has restored to them the property they held previous to their seces
sion.
3.— Bahrain.
The measures adopted by, and at the instance of, the Government
of India for the suppression of piracy in the waters between Bahrain
and El-Kateef and round the coast of El-Katr have been so far effec
tive that only one case of the kind has occurred during the year. The
particulars are as follows :—
In July a fishing vessel lying at anchor off Luffan on the east coast
of El-Katr was boarded by a band of the Beni-Hajir under the now
notorious robber, Za'eed-bin-Mohammed, and his brother, Sn'ood-bin-
Mohammed. The Beni-Hajir had got possession of two vessels belong
ing to the El-Mohandah tribe of Khor Shajeej, who were suspected of
connivance in the matter. The property plundered was estimated at
Krans 3,026. Inquiry was instituted into the conduct of the people of
Khor Shajeej, and as it appeared they acted under compulsion, it was
not considered necessary to punish them. Letters of warning were
however addressed to the Shaikh of Khor Shajeej and the other Katr
Chiefs, to the effect that it was their duty to guard against their boats
being used for piratical purposes, and that they would be liable to be
called to account for such occurrences.
The Hajiree leader, Za^eed-bin-Mohammed, is still at large, not
withstanding the reiterated demands of the Political Officers in Turkish
Arabia for his arrest. It is of course indispensable, in view to the
permanent security of the seas, that he should be captured and punished.
In paragraph 18 of the report for the previous year, an account was
given of the proceedings of one 'Ali-bin-Jabir, a Bahrain robber, and
his arrest by the Turkish authorities of El-Hasa. Through the media
tion of the Political Officers in Turkish Arabia, the request of the Chief
of Bahrain for the extradition of this culprit and his companions was
complied with, under orders of the Wali of Busrah, and ^Ali-bin-Jabir
was executed at Bahrain by Shaikh ^Eesa-bin-Ali.
A Nakhoda, named 'Abdullah, who had been convicted of lending
his vessel to the Heni-Hajir pirates, was arrested by the Chief ol;
Bahrain, and was killed in a struggle with his guards.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [Wahhābī] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎291v] (13/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x00000f> [accessed 5 April 2020]

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