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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎311v] (53/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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42
ADMINISTRATION REPORT OF THE PERSIAN GULF Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. POLITICAL
Tousoun Pasha again advanced and attacked Tarabah, but failed, and
his force retreated with some loss to Tayif. Mohammed 'Ali then pre
pared to renew the campaig-n. Such was the position of affairs when
news was received of the death of the Amir Su^ood-bin-^Abdul ^Azeez,
which occurred at El-Der'eyyah on the 17th of April 1814, he having
attained the age of sixty-eight years.
A.D. 1814.
^Abdullah, the eldest son of Su^ood, had been elected to the succession
during his father's lifetime, and, on the
death of the latter, took his place as
'Abdullah-bin-Su'ood. Chief of the Wahabees without opposi
tion.
In January 1815 Mohammed 'Ali inflicted a defeat on the Wahabee
A D 1815 army which was 20,000* strong, and
shortly after returned with his own
troops to Jiddah. Tousoun Pasha continued the campaign, and operating
from Medina, entered the town of El-Rass, the capital of the district of
El-Kaseem ; the army of the Amir 'Abdullah-bin-Su'ood being then at
'Aneyzah, little further east. At this juncture Mohammed 'Ali, who had
again advanced to Medina, received the news of the landing of Napolean
from Elba, and immediately returned to Egypt. Tousoun, however, was
reinforced in El-Kaseem, and having opened negotiations with the
Wahabee Amir, the latter sent his uncle, 'Abdullah-bin-'Abdul 'Azeez,,to
the Egyptian camp to conclude a peace which was effected, the terms
being on the basis of the Amir's submission to the Sultan of Turkey,
and engagement to give hostages, and even to present himself in person
at Constantinople if required by the Sultan to do so. 'Abdullah further
agreed to surrender Der'eyyah to whomsoever the Sultan should appoint
to be Governor, and to make restitution of the valuables plundered from
Medina by the Wahabees under Su'ood. The submission of the Amir
on this occasion was the more unaccountable that the Egyptian array
was at the time in a critical position, and by operating on its communi
cations and intercepting supplies, the Wahabees might have destroyed
it. The Amir so far fulfilled the terms of the treaty as to despatch
deputies and hostages to Egypt, but he nevertheless proceeded to punish
those of the Arab tribes who had joined
[Mengin.] the Turks, and to prepare for the defence
of El-Der'eyyah.
The Viceroy, on learning the terms of the peace concluded by
his son, refused to ratify them, demanding that 'Abdullah should person-
ally appear before him in Egypt to answer for his conduct. He also
dismissed the Wahabee Envoys and sent further reinforcements to
Arabia. About the same time Tousoun Pasha, hearing of the occurrence
of a revolution in Egypt, hastened to return there, leaving garrisons in
Medina and other towns.
■jiiarnff
ID, 1816.
«ij(
* Note .— The Wahahee forces were collected and marshalled by clans and districts.
Those from each district formed a corps under the personal leadership of the local Amir
or Chief. Each soldier brought his own arms and furnished his own rations, and the
soldiers made their own gunpowder. Foot soldiers and camel-riders received no pay. The
cavalry received forage and allowances. A strict discipline was maintained.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [Wahhābī] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎311v] (53/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x000037> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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