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'Biographical Notes' [‎3v] (11/611)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (302 folios). It was created in c 1904. It was written in English and Persian. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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INTRODUCTION.
Jl\Jl jtyiCiUx*/ It frbwJZ Uy-iLo jj ^ (TUSUisj
CuU ^ 4 H?ceJto
fjl2<j-J CfVtCi U Lcoc C^ C U aatt ^ t (r^ «f k
(Xc»M- oustJ X G^^ &lcjij «
% — - -o • Pi
Titles are conferred by the Shah, and generally composed of two
words; the first in the nominative, as Mushir, " Counsellor," and the
second in the genitive, as ed dowleh, " of the State" or " of the Empire.
Not so long ago, persons possessing a title in Persia numbered about
two hundred, now they number several thousands, and titles which were
formerly conferred only upon princes, ministers of state, and distinguished
persons, have, during the past few years, been bestowed indiscriminately,
with the consequence that at present many high-sounding titles are held
by persons who are neither of note nor of noble family. New titles are
continually being created, and as soon as a person has been named, for
instance, Arfa ed Dowleh, " the Highest of the State," others become Arfa
es Saltaneh, Arfa el Mulk, and Arfa el Mamalik, practically meaning the
same as Arfa ed Dowleh, but considered slightly inferior.
INTRODUCTION.
The biographical notices in the present volume were writ
1897, but, in order to bring them up to date, some notes
to them on January 23rd, 1898.
The register of names contains the names of living
in consulting it, search for the name, surname or title by
is known, and neglect all titles such as Aka, Hajji, Khai
Mulla, Sayyid and Shaikh. For instance—Hajj' '
Tabrizi, will be found under A, the person's name beinJ
Hajji Shaikh Muhsin Khan, Mushir ed Dowleh, will b
the title by which he is known being Muskir ed Dowleh.
Titles are conferred by the Shah, and generally composed of two
words; the first in the nominative, as Mushir, "Counsellor," and the
second in the genitive, as ed dowleh, " of the State" or " of the Empire.
Not so long ago, persons possessing a title in Persia numbered about
two hundred, now they number several thousands, and tides which were
formerly conferred only upon princes, ministers of state, and distinguished
persons, have, during the past few years, been bestowed indiscriminately,
with the consequence that at present many high-sounding titles are held
by persons who are neither of note nor of noble family. New titles are
continually being created, and as soon as a person has been named, for
instance, Arfa ed Dowleh, "the Highest of the State," others become Arfa
es Saltaneh, Arfa el Mulk, and Arfa el Mamalik, practically meaning the
same as Arfa ed Dowleh, but considered slightly inferior.
/cf k

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Content

The volume contains manuscript draft biographical notes on Persian statesmen and notables compiled by George Percy Churchill.

Many of the notes are accompanied by imprints of the subject's seal and signature (in Persian); some by typescript pages, extracts from published works and newspaper cuttings; and a few (folio 114v, folio 163v) by portrait photographs. The notes give the subject's name as heading, and various information including dates of birth and death, office and career history, family details (including members of the Shah's family), pay and financial details, interests, linguistic abilities, and some personal comments.

The introductory page (folio 4v), which is signed by Churchill and dated 1904, is inscribed 'Strictly Confidential and for the Use of His Majesty's Government Officials Only'. A manuscript note states that the volume had been compiled from a variety of sources, and embodied the bulk of Colonel H Picot's biographical note of 1897, which Churchill had endeavoured 'to bring up to date and amplify'. The volume also contains a printed extract containing a list of words used in the composition of Persian titles, with a glossary of their meaning, including both the Persian forms and English transliterations; a manuscript genealogical tree of the Royal Kajar House; a manuscript list entitled 'Principal Persian Diplomatic and Consular Representation'; a manuscript list of Persian cabinet minsters and other politicians, dated 1901; list of ministers, provincial governors, etc in Persia dated 1904; and grouped cuttings of printed seals and coloured impressions of crests (folios 2v, 3r, 29v).

Extent and format
1 volume (302 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains an alphabetical index of names between ff. 5-28. These refer to the main body of entries by means of pagination numbers.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 2 on the first folio after the front cover and terminates at 303, on the inside back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. Foliation anomaly: ff. 4, 4A. The following folios need to be folded out to be read: f. 31, ff. 34-35.

Pagination: there is an incomplete printed pagination sequence, running from 1-489 (ff. 36v-299v) which appears in the top right hand corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page, and the top left hand corner of each verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. page of the main (ruled) portion of the volume. Some of the preceding pages in the volume have been numbered in pencil, but these numbers do not appear to be part of any discernible sequence.

Written in
English and Persian in Latin and Arabic script
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'Biographical Notes' [‎3v] (11/611), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/746, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023582602.0x00000b> [accessed 25 May 2019]

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