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'Persia and the Persian Question by the Hon. George Nathaniel Curzon, M.P.' [‎510] (569/714)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (351 folios). It was created in 1892. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Finally, let me speak of the attitude of the Persian Govern
ment towards the Jews. Five years ago the number of Jews in
The Jews Persia was conjecturally returned as 19,000 ; but T incline
in Persia to ^ 0 pi n i 0n that this total is below the mark. I have
indeed, been supplied with a table in which their total census is
fixed at 05,000, but this appears to be a gross exaggeration. The
chief centres of Jewish residence are Teheran (4,000), Hamadan
(2,000), Isfahan (3,700), Shiraz (3,000), Urumiah, Meshed, Kashan,
Saveh, Kermanshah, and Bushire,
As a community, the Persian Jews are sunk in great poverty
and ignorance. They have no schools of their own, except in the
Backward synagogues, where they are only taught to repeat their
condition prayers, which the majority do not understand. Except
in leheran, Hamadan, Kashan, Khonsar, and Gulpaigan only
Hebrew is taught, and not Persian, feuch as can read or write the
language of the country have studied it privately. In Hamadan,
about a hundred young men receive tuition in the school of the
American Mission ; in r l eheran, .about fifteen study foreign lan
guages under similar auspices. In Isfahan, a converted Jew of
Teheran, Mirza Nurullah by name, who has been educated in Eng
land, has recently started a school, where he instructs about twenty
young men in Hebrew, Persian, and English.
Throughout the Mussulman countries of the East these unhappy
people have been subjected to the persecution which custom has
Disabilities tau ^ t themselves, as well as the world, to regard as their
and perse- normal lot. Usually compelled to live apart in a Ghetto or
separate quarter of the towns, they have from time im
memorial suffered from disabilities of occupation, dress, and habits,
which have marked them out as social pariahs from their fellow
creatures. The majority of Jews in Persia are engaged in trade,
m jewellery, in wine and opium manufacture, as musicians, dancers,
scavengers, pedlars, and in other professions to which is attached
no great respect. They rarely attain to a leading mercantile posi
tion. In Isfahan, where there are said to be 3,700, and where they
occupy a relatively better status than elsewhere in Persia, they are
not permitted to wear the holah or Persian head-dress, to have
shops in the bazaar, to build the walls of their houses as high as a
Moslem neighbour's, or to ride in the streets. In Teheran and
Kashan they are also to be found in large numbers and enjoying
a fair position. In Shiraz they are very badly off. At Bushire

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About this item


The volume is Volume I of George Nathaniel Curzon, Persia and the Persian Question , 2 vols (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1892).

The volume contains illustrations and four maps, including a map of Persia, Afghanistan and Beluchistan [Baluchistan].

The chapter headings are as follows:

  • I Introductory
  • II Ways and Means
  • III From London to Ashkabad
  • IV Transcaspia
  • V From Ashkabad to Kuchan
  • VI From Kuchan to Kelat-i-Nadiri
  • VII Meshed
  • VIII Politics and Commerce of Khorasan
  • IX The Seistan Question
  • X From Meshed to Teheran
  • XI Teheran
  • XII The Northern Provinces
  • XIII The Shah - Royal Family - Ministers
  • XIV The Government
  • XV Institutions and Reforms
  • XVI The North-West and Western Provinces
  • XVII The Army
  • XVIII Railways.
Extent and format
1 volume (351 folios)

The volume is divided into chapters. There is a list of contents between ff. 7-10, followed by a list of illustrations, f. 11. There is an index to this volume and Volume II between ff. 707-716 of IOR/L/PS/C43/2.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the first folio bearing text and terminates at 349 (the large map contained in a polyester sleeve loosely inserted between the last folio and the back cover). The numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle and appear in the top right-hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. Foliation anomaly: ff. 151, 151A. Folio 349 needs to be folded out to be read. There is also an original printed pagination sequence. This runs from viii-xxiv (ff. 3-11) and 2-639 (ff. 12-347).

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Persia and the Persian Question by the Hon. George Nathaniel Curzon, M.P.' [‎510] (569/714), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C43/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 October 2017]

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