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'File 86/1 VII (D 101) Kuwait Oil' [‎6r] (26/506)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (249 folios). It was created in 9 Apr 1934-30 Jun 1934. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Mr. Warner said that Ydlibi's terms were now being shown to
the Standard Oil and that much would- depend on the actual
form of the Standard Oil option.. If the Standard Oil
were able to take up an agreement on Ydlibi's terms so
far as Ibn Saud's interest was concerned, the Saudi
Government might then ask whether the Sheikh of Koweit
and/or H.M.G. would agree to the same terms in respect of
the Koweit interest. H.M.G. wOuld be placed in a difficult
position if there was still no other competitor in the field
except Ydlibi. Sir Louis Kershaw said that the negotiations
might have progressed so far between Ibn Saud and the
Standard Oil as to make matters extremely difficult for the
I.P.O. at Koweit.
The A.P.O.C. representatives said that it was no
use sending a negotiator to Jedda no?/ when Ydlibi's
negotiations had proceeded so far and when Ydlibi himself
was on his way home. Mr. Fraser was sure that when Ydlibi
arrived in London Mr, Janson would not lose a moment before
getting in touch with the I.P.O., and there would then be
an opportunity to obtain further information about Ydlibi's
offer to Ibn Saud and about the California Standard Oil
Company's option about the terms of which Ydlibi ought to
have a very good idea. Mr, Fraser himself had never liked
the idea of working through the Arabian Development Syndicate
etc., but he agreed with Sir Louis Kershaw that the I.P.O.
did not want to close the door finally on the idea of backing
Ydlibi if this should turn out to be necessary. Mr.Warner
pointed out that this would leave Sir Andrew Ryan in an
extremely awkward position. It was now a long time since the

About this item


The volume contains correspondence between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Harold Richard Dickson); Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); Officials in the India and Foreign Offices (including Sir Louis Kershaw, John Gilbert Laithwaite, George Rendel); the Shaikh of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ); the Air Ministry (Wilfred Ashton McLaughry); the Air Office Commanding, Iraq (Alexander Duncan Cunningham); and representatives of the Kuwait Oil Company (Frank Holmes, Archibald Chisholm), Arabian Development Syndicate, Anglo-Persian Oil Company, and Iraq Petroleum Company.

The correspondence relates primarily to the Kuwait Oil Company's negotiation's with His Majesty's Government and the Shaikh of Kuwait for the Kuwait (also given as Koweit) Oil Concession, focusing on discussions around clauses in both the Commercial and Political Agreements and the Shaikh's concerns over how certain clauses may be perceived both within his own country and in neighbouring ones.

Also discussed are developments in Saudi Arabia with regards to their share of the Nejd-Kuwait Neutral Zone Oil Concession, which was being competed for by the Standard Oil Company of California and the Arabian Development Syndicate, and the British Government's opinions on the situation and their intended approach with regards to the Kuwait share of the concession. The information relating to the Saudi Government's approach to the concession is relayed through letters and reports from Sir Andrew Ryan, HM Minister at Jedda, and contain details of his discussions with representatives of both the Saudi Government and the oil companies.

The correspondence also includes a discussion relating to land at Shuwaikh, identified by the British Government for possible use as an air base, and includes negotiations over the cost of renting the site or the possibility of reserving it for future use. Also included are details of reconnaissance undertaken by the Air Officer Commanding for alternative sites, which was unsuccesful, and correspondence regarding the use of Kuwait Harbour for flying boats and the need to identify suitable locations in the Harbour for moorings.

Extent and format
1 volume (249 folios)

The contents of this volume have been arranged mostly in chronological order.

Folios 236-241 contain file notes detailing each letter contained within the volume, and giving the page numbers each letter commences on enabling the notes to be used as an index.

Some of the letters refer to earlier correspondence in previous volumes, and provide a page and volume reference in order for the earlier correspondence to be identified.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume has been foliated in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio with a pencil number enclosed in a circle. The foliation sequence commences on the first folio after the front cover, with 1A and concludes on the back cover with number 246. Foliation anomalies: 1A-E.

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English in Latin script
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'File 86/1 VII (D 101) Kuwait Oil' [‎6r] (26/506), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/643, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 April 2020]

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