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'File 86/1 VII (D 101) Kuwait Oil' [‎76r] (166/506)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (249 folios). It was created in 9 Apr 1934-30 Jun 1934. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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- 2 -
their view to put the correctness of this iniormation
teyond a douht. Having regard to it they saw no point
in carrying matters furtner with the Arabian Development
Syndicate, since it was clear that, given the two
conmitments referred to aoove, that syndicate would never
be in a position to deliver the goods.
3. Mr. Lefroy said that in these circumstances his
principals were of opinion that the only course to take was
to malt the conclusion of negotiations with the Sheikh of
Koweit ahout the Koweit oil concession and immediately on
trie completion of those negotiations to send Mr. Longrigg
or other representative of the Company to Koweit to
endeavour to secure from the sheikh an option on the Koweit
Neutral Zone. The Company had recalled Mr. Longrigg from
Iraq, had discussed the matter with him, and had now sent
him hack to his post. No time would he lost once the main
Koweit concession was out of the way.
4. I told Mr. Lefroy that I would let the interested
Departments know what he had reported and that he might
assume, unless he heard to the contrary, that we agreed
with his view that, in the circumstances he described and
on the assumption that his principals were satisfied as to
the correctness of their information, the course he
suggested was probably the only one open.
5. Mr. Lefroy subsequently enquired on the telephone
whether he was correct in assuming that there would be no
question of a Government agreement in the case of the
Neutral zone. I said that there would certainly be a
Government agreement and that it had, I thought, been
made clear in earlier discussions at which Mr. ^efroy had

About this item


The volume contains correspondence between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Harold Richard Dickson); Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); Officials in the India and Foreign Offices (including Sir Louis Kershaw, John Gilbert Laithwaite, George Rendel); the Shaikh of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ); the Air Ministry (Wilfred Ashton McLaughry); the Air Office Commanding, Iraq (Alexander Duncan Cunningham); and representatives of the Kuwait Oil Company (Frank Holmes, Archibald Chisholm), Arabian Development Syndicate, Anglo-Persian Oil Company, and Iraq Petroleum Company.

The correspondence relates primarily to the Kuwait Oil Company's negotiation's with His Majesty's Government and the Shaikh of Kuwait for the Kuwait (also given as Koweit) Oil Concession, focusing on discussions around clauses in both the Commercial and Political Agreements and the Shaikh's concerns over how certain clauses may be perceived both within his own country and in neighbouring ones.

Also discussed are developments in Saudi Arabia with regards to their share of the Nejd-Kuwait Neutral Zone Oil Concession, which was being competed for by the Standard Oil Company of California and the Arabian Development Syndicate, and the British Government's opinions on the situation and their intended approach with regards to the Kuwait share of the concession. The information relating to the Saudi Government's approach to the concession is relayed through letters and reports from Sir Andrew Ryan, HM Minister at Jedda, and contain details of his discussions with representatives of both the Saudi Government and the oil companies.

The correspondence also includes a discussion relating to land at Shuwaikh, identified by the British Government for possible use as an air base, and includes negotiations over the cost of renting the site or the possibility of reserving it for future use. Also included are details of reconnaissance undertaken by the Air Officer Commanding for alternative sites, which was unsuccesful, and correspondence regarding the use of Kuwait Harbour for flying boats and the need to identify suitable locations in the Harbour for moorings.

Extent and format
1 volume (249 folios)

The contents of this volume have been arranged mostly in chronological order.

Folios 236-241 contain file notes detailing each letter contained within the volume, and giving the page numbers each letter commences on enabling the notes to be used as an index.

Some of the letters refer to earlier correspondence in previous volumes, and provide a page and volume reference in order for the earlier correspondence to be identified.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume has been foliated in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio with a pencil number enclosed in a circle. The foliation sequence commences on the first folio after the front cover, with 1A and concludes on the back cover with number 246. Foliation anomalies: 1A-E.

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English in Latin script
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'File 86/1 VII (D 101) Kuwait Oil' [‎76r] (166/506), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/643, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2019]

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