‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1884-85.’ [24r] (43/130)
The record is made up of 1 volume (63 folios). It was created in 1885. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India.
AND MUSCAT POLITICAL
An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company.
REPORT ON TRADE OF THE PERSIAN GULF Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. FOR 1884.
Grain. —The year ISSl disappointed the expectations which its opening months tended
to raise as regards trade in South Persia. Unusually large rainfall in the cultivating season
of 1883-84 gave hopes of a splendid harvest, but later in the season unfavourable conditions
of weather caused a partial blight of the grain, which turned out of a harder description than
usual, with a large proportion of shrivelled grains. There occurred, however, no scarcity of
corn, as, besides a surplus of the 1884 crops available for exportation, a good deal of the 1883
grain had been kept back. That shipments were on a moderate scale was due chiefly to the
fall of prices in European markets.
In the early part of 1884, London prices were good for well-cleaned wheat, but harvests
everywhere having turned out abundant, prices soon began to fall, and a reduction of 20 per cent,
was observable from February to August. In December a rise occurred, and the year 1885
opened more favourably for the grain trade.
Persian agriculturists have the habit of mixing barley largely with wheat, sometimes to
the proportion of 50 per cent., and as only well-cleaned wheat was saleable last|year in London,
some Persian merchants, who neglected the precaution of sifting, suffered losses. Wheat is
now cleaned by machinery in Bushire. It is remarked that the fluctuations of prices of grain
in European markets do not, to a corresponding extent, influence the local prices in Persia.
The operations of British merchants in exportation of wheat have been Igreatly hampered,
and, in fact, when very low prices ruled in London, completely stopped, by levy of export duty
both at the small outports such as Bunder Reeg and Deelam, and also at Bushire, in addition,
on final exportation. Large quantities of grain are purchaseable at Eeeg and Deelam, though
the wheat is said, as a rule, to be inferior in quality to that brought from Dashti and other
districts to the south.
Opium. The next most important produce is opium. The crop of last year was consider
ably damaged by rain, and the yield was under the average and prices in the interior kept
high. Less was consequently shipped to London than usual. The Persian opium is said to be
less adulterated now than formerly, and to be therefore more popular in European and Ameri
can markets, competing well with Turkish opium. Hostilities in China increased the demand
for Persian opium in that quarter.
Cotton. —The cotton grown in Persia is handicapped as an export by want of cheap
carriage, and cannot be sent to England, but only to the cheaper maiket of Bombay.
Tobacco. —Tobacco exportation is on the increase, and is of some importance.
Imported goods.— trade in imported goods was unimproved, and European firms
operated on a smaller scale and for a very small margin of profit. Especially was this the case
in copper, sugar, mexicans, yarn, and shirtings. There was in the summer much depression in
the piece goods trade, the demand being very small. It is remarkable that trade in chintzes
is increasing in importance. This fact appears to support the opinion of the legation agent
at Ispahan as to the cause of decrease of importation of indigo there, mentioned in Mr. Dickson's
report dated 31st October 1884. Mr. Aganoor stated that whereas the peasantry formerly
wore stout T cloths dyed with indigo, they now used fancy prints, which went to show an
increase of prosperity amongst that class of the population.
Increase of piece goods.— the same report Mr. Dickson explains that the large increase
in the importation of piece goods and loaf sugar in recent yeais to Ispahan is not due to an
increase of the trade of Persia generally, but to the diversion of the channel for trade from the
north to the south of Persia, owing to the virtual prohibition on the transit of foreign goods
through Russian territory, and also from the fact that the cheapness of freight and general
facilities of the sea route from Europe to the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. have diverted goods from the
Turkish route to Bushire. Those best acquainted with the facts state that Russian goods have
nearly disappeared from the markets of Shiraz and Ispahan.
The bounty granted by the French Government on sugar refined in France has
had the effect of supplanting the former trade in soft sugars from Java. Large imports
occur of French beet-root sugar at Bunder Abbass and Bushite. This may be greatly due to
low prices ruling in Europe and to the prohibitory taxation in the Caucasus. It is, however.
About this item
Administration Report on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for the year 1884-85, published by Authority by the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta [Kolkata]. A copy of a letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , to Henry Mortimer Durand, Secretary to the Government of India (Foreign Department), dated 18 May 1885, is included in the report (folio 5), the original of which submitted the report to Government, under the following headings:
Part 1 ( General Summary ), written by Ross, dated 30 April 1885 (folios 6-11), containing summaries of local political affairs, and incidents or events of particular note for: Oman and the Pirate Coast; Bahrain; Nejd, El-Hasa [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; Fars; Persian Arabistan; Persian Baluchistan; and Bassidore. The report also records a marked increase in the slave trade to the Gulf from Africa; summaries of changes in official personnel; British naval movements in the Gulf; and a summary of meteorological events observed at the Bushire observatory. Appendix A contains tabulated and graphical meteorological data for the year, supplied by the Bushire observatory.
Part 2 ( Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for the year 1884-85 ), submitted by Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Barrett Miles, Her Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul at Muscat (folios 12-23), containing a summary of affairs at Muscat, and an additional short report on the revival of the slave trade between Muscat and Zanzibar, a likely result, suggests Miles, of the departure of HMS London from Zanzibar. Appendix A is a report of Miles’s visit to Ras Fartak. Appendix B is an historical sketch, also written by Miles, on the Portuguese in Eastern Arabia.
Part 3 ( Report on Trade for the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. for 1884 ), written by Ross and dated April 1885 (folios 24-59), comprising a short summary of the year’s trade, with notes on: grain; opium; cotton; tobacco; imported goods; the increase in piece goods; sugar; the activities of European firms in the Gulf; steamers; the Dutch Commercial Treaty; trade routes; naphtha springs; and pearl fishing. Appendix A comprises tabulated data on import, exports and revenue, in the Gulf ports of Bushire, Lingah [Bandar-e Lengeh], Bunder Abbass [Bandar-e ʻAbbās], Bahrain and the Arab (Oman) coast. An index to the trade tables can be found at folios 25-26.
Part 4 (Trade [at Muscat]), submitted by Miles (folios 59-66), comprising a short summary of the year’s trade at Muscat, and an appendix containing tabulated data on imports and exports at Muscat (listed by commodity), and the nationality and average tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (63 folios)
The report is arranged into four numbered parts, with lettered appendices containing further reports and statistical data after each part.
- Physical characteristics
Condition: Some tears and holes in the paper, but not sufficient to impair legibility. Fold-out at f 10.
Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 4, and ends on the last folio, on number 66.
Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- IOR/V/23/47, No 207
- ‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1884-85.’
- front, 3v:67r, back
- East India Company, the Board of Control, the India Office, or other British Government Department
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- Open Government Licence