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'File 10/10 I Bahrain additional area' [‎23r] (45/136)

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The record is made up of 1 file (68 folios). It was created in 14 Mar 1943-27 Dec 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Hi
D.O. No. /*? % - fs? Adviserate,
Baiirain.
July 22, 1946.
Reference your c/791 of 21st July 1946. I think
that if the whole question of the ownership of the seas
and islands around Baiirain is under consideration, Eis
Highness should be consulted on the matter and given an
opportunity of putting forward his claims. Your letter
was marked "Secret", so I have not discussed the matter
with His Highness.
I am sorry that my para 1 was not clear. This is the
line of the argument. The Khalifah originally ruled in
Q^atar, this fact I think is not in dispute. They had
their chief town at Zubara and Dohah did not exist as a
place of any importance. From Zubara the Khalifah control
led the Q,atar coast opposite to Bahrain and the islands off
the coast. From Zubara they invaded Bahrain and turned out
the Persians; they occupied Bahrain making their first set-
tleiuent at Jaw on the east coast of Bahrain, opposite Q^atar.
At the same time they continued to keep up their town at
Zubara and they controlled the sea and the islands lying
between Bahrain and Qatar. At a later date, when the
Khalifah were in occupation of Bahrain and the Qatar coast
around Zubara the Al-Thani family acquired influence on the
east coast of Qatar and the grandfather of the present Shaikh
of Qatar became Shaikh of Qatar with his headquarters at
Dohah. The Al-Thani family was recognised as the Ruling
Family of Qatar but their rule never extended beyond the
mainland of Qatar and was never exercised over the seas and
islands situated between Qatar and Bahrain, the Khalifah
contend too that it was never even exercised over the whole
of the Qatar peninsular because Zubara, until comparatively
recently belonged to the Khalifah. Therefore it is argued
that the islands and shoals lying between Bahrain and Qatar
belong to Bahrain.
Lieut. Colonal A. C. Galloway, O.B.S., C.I.3.
H. B. M's political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , ^ ^
Bahrain.
C onf'dentia!.

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Content

The file contains correspondence and telegrams between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Bushire, the Financial Adviser to the Government in Bahrain, Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, and representatives of the Bahrain Petroleum Company Limited (BAPCO) on the temporary modification to the agreement on the Bahrain additional area during the war.

The file also contains correspondence on the ownership of Hawar Island and Deebel and Jaradeh shoals, between Bahrain and Qatar, and maps of 'Bahrain & Vicinity' (3 copies on folios 14, 15, 40) and 'Hawar Island' (folio 44).

There are letters in Arabic to and from the Sheikh of Bahrain, Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifah.

Extent and format
1 file (68 folios)
Arrangement

The documents in the file are arranged in chronological order.

Physical characteristics

The foliation is in pencil, encircled, in the top right corner of each folio. The numbering begins on the front cover of the file, on number 1, and runs through to 62, 62A; and then it carries on until 67, which is the last number given on the back cover of the file. There is another foliation, incomplete: the numbering starts with 1 on the first page of writing (folio 2) and ends with 203 (folio 66); missing folios: 2-14; 20; 23-25; 29; 31-39; 197; 199-201.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 10/10 I Bahrain additional area' [‎23r] (45/136), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/430, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023614238.0x00002e> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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