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'Germany and the Middle East' [‎6v] (2/2)

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The record is made up of 1 folio. It was created in 27 Dec 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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" exertions to enable us to maintain it. What we have to do is to create a
" form ot political and economic industry on a grand scale, i.e., a permanent
41 political and economic alliance with our present confederates. Then we
14 should have, even in a future war, all necessary raw materials—by means
" of the Bagdad Railway- without the enemy being able to hinder us.
44 There is another thing. One of our most important objects in the
war is the freedom of the seas. We might secure it if our fleet were as
strong as Britain's. But that requires time, and much, much money.
There is another possibility of securing the freedom of the seas againsl
England, viz., if we can tind, somewhere in the world, a point from which
wo can apply sensible pressure to Kngiand. 1 hal point lie.s on the Sue/
Canal. If Turkey completeb the railway to the immediate neighbourhood
ot Egypt, and makes good military posts in the neighbourhood of the Canal,
then we have such a point of pressure against England, and can compel her
to yield at any time.
With such a point on the Suez Canal, and an economic alliance with the
other Central Powers, Germany, in spite of her unfavourable position in the
heart of Europe, can permanently maintain herself against her more powerful

About this item


This printed memorandum, by Joseph Austen Chamberlain, contains a report of a lecture 'Germany and the Middle East', by Dr Paul Rohrbach given at the Hamberg Volksheim which was printed in Hamburger Fremdenblatt , 3 December 1915.

The report discusses Rohrbach's opinions on the current situation in Europe and how Germany now had an advantage following the opening up of routes to the Middle East and the Suez Canal through the provision of railways and money to Turkey. The lecture also focused on Germany's need for raw materials, how access to the Middle East can provide them with oil, minerals, cotton and wheat, and the potential future economic benefits posed by the war-time alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. The lecture concludes with the suggestion that as Germany cannot compete with Britain in its Naval strength it could use the Suez Canal as a point of pressure to try to secure access to the sea and its own position in the heart of Europe.

Extent and format
1 folio
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation commences and concludes on folio 6, as it is part of a larger physical volume. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional former foliation sequence is also present in the volume; these numbers are also written in pencil, are not circled, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'Germany and the Middle East' [‎6v] (2/2), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B221, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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