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'Reports on (1) the Conservancy of the Shatt-el-Arab river from the Port of Basra to the Persian Gulf and on (2) the Development of the Port of Basra. By Sir George Buchanan Kt., C.I.E' [‎11v] (26/62)

The record is made up of 1 volume (29 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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20
W "Th, a, Bagtdad-Klianildn-KenDansIjal,
£'1 60 T^ 7 1 " " M-W™. bl"
e wai. Ttree-quarters oi the imports at Basra went to Baehdarl
and the greater part were destined for Persia. I„ normal timet
KS al ~ y K" a
snn -i " j f '- v river ^ om Basra to Baghdad is about
as TrT v ?a g Had t0 Kermanshah 220 miles. As'far
hamkm, 95 miles, the road is quite patsabfe for wheel traffic.
Q^rTshirhf T, a cart 7 as rui ming from Kermanshah ta
yasr i-bhinn. The population pf Kermanshah has been estimateri
at about 60,000 persons, and the town is of considerable importancf
both strategically and commercially since it is nearly equidistant
from Tabriz, Enzah, Tehran and Baghdad with which places it has
good communications, being the distributing centre for the district
of Kuxdistan and Hamadan." -xicta
(5) It is obvious that if British superiority is to be; maintained in the
markets of the north-west and the centre pf Persia, very special attcn
. P aid to the Baghdad-Ivermanshah route Sen'
navigation between Basra and Baghdad is cheapened and rendered
safe, when alternative railway communication. 200 miles less in
istance, is provided to Baghdad, and above all, when railway
communication is opened between Baghdad and Khanildn, enormous
x petus wiU be given to this route; and British interest should be
supreme m the markets whicli it, supplies."
(6 ' ^ haS J been realised development of
Biitish trade with Persia is dependent primarily on the improvement
of communications.. All other measures which have been proposed
rom time to time for the encouragement of commerce are of quite
subsidiary importance." 4
(7) "British ascendency in the Gulf has been immeasurably enhanced
by the occupation of Iraq, while experience gained in the present
^ |ulldamental importance of retaining
S and the Gulf — f Mesopotamia, Arabis"'
tan and the Gulf generally, m the shape of grain, oil and cotton in
SS, "* "" Ewi " " •• % tm *SiS
ssiTi" eov ™"' - '»• im. M «
a preserve for the shipping of the British Empire would, at one,
aU the h/ 6 ^ n?P ? 1 !^ Cal adminis riation and our commerce from
b..
latter part of quotation No 7 that-fh rem ark m connexion with the
shipping for a oeriod of vp' n ' UggestlontocI< ? setIleG ulf against a ZZ foreign
Government; moreover as for i f tabllslled P ollc y ^ the British
shortage of shipping tonnage, such a mhT 6 M 6 War there muSt 1,6 a w orld
pent of the new country and its principal poI™ neCeSSarl1 ? cram P t]le develop-

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Content

This file contains two printed reports written by Sir George Buchanan, Director of Port Administration and Conservancy, Indian Expeditionary Force "D".

The details of the reports are as follows:

1) 'Report on the Conservancy of the Shatt-El-Arab River from the Port of Basra to the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ' (folios 1-7);

This report is separated into the following sub-headings:

(a) General Description of the River.

(b) Physical Characteristics.

(c) Obstructions to Navigation.

(d) Removal of the Outer Bar.

(e) Lighting and Buoying.

(f) Pilotage.

(g) Financial.

(h) Conclusion.

A number of charts and plans referred to in the report are contained in a seperate pocket at the rear of the folder (folios 21-29).

2) 'Report on the Development of the Port of Basra' (folios 8-18)

This report is separated into the following sub-headings:

1) Suitability of Basra as the Principal Port of Mesopotamia and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

2) Trade Prospects.

3) Administration.

4) Works and Equipment.

5) Import Trade.

6) Export Trade.

7) Inland Vessels' Trade.

8) Trade with Southern Persia.

9) Miscellaneous private trades and industries.

10) Finance.

11) Charges on Vessels.

12) Dues on Goods.

13) Inland Vessels' Trade.

14) Land Rents.

15) Conclusion.

This report includes an appendix entitled 'A brief note on the future development of the Port of Basra and its communications by land and water, by Sir George Buchanan, Kt., C.I.E., Director of Port Administration and Conservancy, Indian Expeditionary Force, "D" (folios 16-18).

Extent and format
1 volume (29 folios)
Arrangement

Two thematic reports followed by a number of maps and charts that are referred to in the first report.

Physical characteristics

A bound volume with a pocket attached to its inside rear cover containing nine fold-out maps.

There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last of the various maps that are inserted at the back of the volume, on number 29.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Reports on (1) the Conservancy of the Shatt-el-Arab river from the Port of Basra to the Persian Gulf and on (2) the Development of the Port of Basra. By Sir George Buchanan Kt., C.I.E' [‎11v] (26/62), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C149, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023622758.0x00001c> [accessed 18 October 2019]

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