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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎8r] (15/322)

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The record is made up of 1 file (161 folios). It was created in 14 Dec 1946-28 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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1. Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. was founded In 1766 by the whole A1 Khalifah
division of the Utub. They had migrated from Kowelt.
2. By 1782 they had established supremacy in the Qatar
peninsula.
Khalifa
3. in 1/83 the A1 with the assistance of other
tribes, captured Bahrain irom the Persians, and made it
their principal seat.
4. 1782-1842. Fighting and confusion.
5. 1811-1842. Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. deserted by the inhabitants many of
whom move to Bahrain.
6. Abdullah bin Ahmad of Bahrain bdgan to rebuild Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
which was then entirely deserted.
7. in 1843 Mohd, bin Khalifah bin Salman returned to
Bahrain from Qatar, expelled Shaikh Abdullah, and became
Ruler of Bahrain.
8. 1867, Treacherous and destructive raid by the Shaikhs
of Bahrain and Abu Dhabi on Dohah and Wakra.
9. By 1868 the A1 Thani had risen to predominant power in
Qatar, how is not known.
10. 1868. Mohd. bin Khalifah removed from Bahrain by His
Majesty's Government, isa bin Ali came over from Qatar
where he had been residing and was installed Ruler in
Bafirain without assistance from His Majesty's Government,
He remained Shaikh of Bahrain for 60 years.
H. The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. admonished the Shaikhs of Qatar
o^retafiation^ ** counter raid - He accepted their plea
12. i86 9 . Muhammad bin Thani and other Qatar shaikhs agreed
that the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. should determine what tribute,
if any, was due from them to Bahrain and to pay it through
the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. . political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. recognised that the
Shaikh of Bahrain had certain pasturage rights on the Qatar
Coas t«
13. 1871, Turks established themselves at El Bida fort.
Mohd. bin Thani sent an agent to the Nairn tribe, and made
an amicable settlement with them by which some of the tribe
settled at El Bida under the Turkish flag.
14. 1872. Turks occupied Dohah.
15. 1872. Shaikh Isa of Bahrain wished to establish a garrisc
at zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. for the protection of the Nairn, but the Political
Resident advised him to remain neutral to avoid the A1
^halifah's becoming entangled with the Turks. (Political
Resident reported to Government of India that the Shaikh
had not the power to control the Qatar tribes).
16. 1873. The Government of India agreed that the Shaikh
oi Bahrain had no clear or important rights in Qatar.
1/. 1876. The Government of India instructed the political
Resident to advise the Shaikh of Bahrain that he should not
interfere on the mainland. In March 1875 Shaikh Isa replied
/to.

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Content

This file contains correspondence about on-going tensions between Bahrain and Qatar regarding the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. after the Al Khalifa and Al Thani families had signed an agreement (mediated by the British) in 1944. The correspondence discusses disagreements between Bahrain and Qatar concerning their interpretation of the wording of the 1944 agreement and also the emigration of the Al Bu Rumaih tribe from Bahrain to Qatar (without permission of the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa).

On folios 8-4, the file contains a summary of all the key events related to the dispute over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from 1766 until 1946.

A small sketch map of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the surrounding area is contained on folio 117.

Extent and format
1 file (161 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

Formerly a correspondence file bound with treasury tags, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

There are three incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and runs through to 161, ending on the inside of the back cover of the file.

f.117 is stored in an envelope (f.116).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎8r] (15/322), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/372, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023636219.0x000010> [accessed 18 October 2018]

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