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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎9r] (17/322)

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The record is made up of 1 file (161 folios). It was created in 14 Dec 1946-28 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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to the Political Resident»s letter saying that he would
refrain from interfering on the mainland "except our city
Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. for that Is our property and has been". The poli
tical Resident wrote saying that reports he had received
showed an increased necessity for "avoidance of all inter
ference on the mainland (whether at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. or any other
place no exception is made)".
The Government of India Instructed the political
Resident to make the Shaikh understand clearly that if
he persisted in entangling himself in mainland affairs
they would hold themselves free to take such action with
respect to him as they considered necessary*
18. In 1878 the inhabitants of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. committed a
heinous piracy in consequence of which the Government of
India Instructed the political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. to demand of the
Turks that the place should be punished and to offer
British naval assistance* In the meantime Shaikh Jassim
Al Thanl of Dohah had sacked Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . Sheikh Isa of
Bahrain requested British help for the Nairn at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. .
This was refused and the homeless Nairn, to the number of
about 300, took refuge in Bahrain.
In 1886 the Nairn of Qatar received large payments
from the Bahrain revenues, but the tribe failed to give
any adequate return.
19. In 1888 the British Government fearing that the
Turks would connive at the rebuilding of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. Informed
Shaikh jasim Al Thanl that a settlement by him would not
be permitted. In this and the following year a considerable
migration of Nairn from Qatar to Bahrain took place. A vague
treaty of amity was concluded between the Shaikh of Bahrain
and Jassim of Dohah.
20. 1890. Shaikh Jaslm Al Than! endeavoured to Induce
the Turks to establish a garrison at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. .
21. In 1890 the Turks were reported to be considering the
appointment of a Turkish Mudir for Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . One was
appointed by 1896.
22. 1896. The Al bin All, a discontented Bahrain tribe,
migrated from Bahrain to Qatar, where, with the consent
and support of Shaikh Jasim Al Than! they formed- a settle
ment at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . A Commander pelly was sent to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
to demand the return of the Al bin All. He met with a
refusal on the grouhds that they were Turkish subjects and
the place a Turkish possession. From this incident a serious
threat to Bahrain was checked by Commander Pelly who again
visited Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and destroyed 44 armed vessels there, under
the peace arrangements the Al bin All returned to Bahrain.
23. in 1896 the Shaikh of Bahrain was informed that he
had received the final decision of the Government of India,
and that the question of his right to Interfere in affairs
on the mainland could not well be referred again; it behoved
him carefully to consider his present position and the modi
fications it might occasion.
24. In 1896 Jaslm Al Than! wrote to the heads of the Nairn
/tribe

About this item

Content

This file contains correspondence about on-going tensions between Bahrain and Qatar regarding the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. after the Al Khalifa and Al Thani families had signed an agreement (mediated by the British) in 1944. The correspondence discusses disagreements between Bahrain and Qatar concerning their interpretation of the wording of the 1944 agreement and also the emigration of the Al Bu Rumaih tribe from Bahrain to Qatar (without permission of the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa).

On folios 8-4, the file contains a summary of all the key events related to the dispute over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from 1766 until 1946.

A small sketch map of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the surrounding area is contained on folio 117.

Extent and format
1 file (161 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

Formerly a correspondence file bound with treasury tags, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

There are three incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and runs through to 161, ending on the inside of the back cover of the file.

f.117 is stored in an envelope (f.116).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎9r] (17/322), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/372, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023636219.0x000012> [accessed 14 December 2019]

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