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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎12r] (23/322)

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The record is made up of 1 file (161 folios). It was created in 14 Dec 1946-28 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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himself entirely from the affairs of Qatar inclxiding
Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. , and that His Majesty^ Government were not pre
pared to intervene between the Shaikh of Qatar and the
Nairn tribe (vide correspondence ending with Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India.
telegram no .751 dated the 17th July, 1937). P f- ,
About this period the Shaikh of Qatar built a new
fort a few hundred yards from the old fort which he used as
material for it. The Shaikh of Bahrain protested to the
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , but the latter, after consulting the Poli
tical Resident, did not reply to the Shaikhs letter. (Vide
Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Memorandum N0.477-S dated the 10th April, 1939).
L p. 7M vo / C.95
40. in 1944, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. effected an agreement
by which the two Rulers agreed "to the restoration of
friendly arrangements between them as they were in the
past". The Ruler of Qatar undertook that Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. should
remain in the same state as in the past. (Vide Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company.
printed Letter No .c /939 dated the 19th June, 1944).e, £>•"$
The Shaikh of Bahrain showed some reluctance in
signing the agreement whereupon the political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. wrote
an explanatory letter to him stating that the Shaikh of
Qatar was anxious for the restoration of friendship and
zziabi friendly communications to the state ante 1936. A
copy of this letter was not sent to the Shaikh of Qatar.
Soon after the Agreement had been signed the Shaikh
of Bahrain wrote to the political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. drawing his attention
to the fact that the fort built by the Shaikh of Qatar had
not existed ante 1936 and asserting that he (the Political
Agent) had promised that the position at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. should be
restored to its past state and that he had not done this.
The Shaikh also asked for the return of the arms taken from
the Nairn in 1937 by the Shaikh of Qatar. The Political
Agent replied denying that he had made any promises "either
in regard to the restoration of the position to what it was
in the past or with regard to the return of arms". He pointed
out that from the phrase "The Ruler of Qatar
undertakes that Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. will remain without anything being
done in it which did not exist in the past", it did not
appear "that anything is required to be changed which
existed at the time of the Agreement but rather that there
should be no new innovation". The Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. added
that he would use his personal endeavours to arrange for
the wifehdrawal of the garrison of the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. fort and for
the return of the whole or some part of the arms. (Vide
Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. printed Letter No.1380 dated the 25th September, 1944).
C s M ' S l vol c. 9S
The Shaikh of Bahrain wrote again to the effect that
the fort was a source of humiliation to the Al Khalifah
when they visited Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. , and again asserted that the
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. had 'promised 1 to arrange for the removal
of the fort and the guards, and asked him to fulfil his
promise. If the political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. were unable to arrange
this the Shaikh of Bahrain wished to know whether there
was any objection to his taking up the question directly with
the shaikh of Qatar. He added that if the shaikh of Qatar
insisted on maintaining the fort and the guard he would close
communications with Qatar. The Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. again denied
that he had made any promise, and referred the matter to the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (vide Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. letters Nos. C/1424 and
C/1425 dated the 4th October, 1944).
( SJ0\ C 1
^ Li U /On the
vol

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Content

This file contains correspondence about on-going tensions between Bahrain and Qatar regarding the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. after the Al Khalifa and Al Thani families had signed an agreement (mediated by the British) in 1944. The correspondence discusses disagreements between Bahrain and Qatar concerning their interpretation of the wording of the 1944 agreement and also the emigration of the Al Bu Rumaih tribe from Bahrain to Qatar (without permission of the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa).

On folios 8-4, the file contains a summary of all the key events related to the dispute over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from 1766 until 1946.

A small sketch map of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the surrounding area is contained on folio 117.

Extent and format
1 file (161 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

Formerly a correspondence file bound with treasury tags, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

There are three incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and runs through to 161, ending on the inside of the back cover of the file.

f.117 is stored in an envelope (f.116).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎12r] (23/322), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/372, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023636219.0x000018> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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