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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎14r] (27/322)

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The record is made up of 1 file (161 folios). It was created in 14 Dec 1946-28 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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-7- ^ L-'
3 •
of the Al Khallfah properties In the past and future".
(Vide Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. P.L. No,c/236 dated the 12th February, 1945).
46. The Shaikh of Bahrain asked the political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
whether he should reply to the shaikh of Qatar's letter
and whether, if he did not do so it could beheld that he
had accepted the claims made therein. The Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
advised him against replying, and gave it as his opinion
that such a view could not be held.
47. on the 22nd January, after consulting the Political
Agent, the shaikh of Bahrain ordered some 20 of the Nairn
who had settled in Baixain to proceed to Qatar with their
families and their cattle. They landed at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the
23rd, spent the night there, and moved on to Hilwan. On
the fourth day of their stay at Hilwan, one of the Shaikh
of Qatar*s arms-smuggling patrols informed them that they
must move inland, and that they could not now leave Qatar
without an exit permit and must pay duty on any commodities
received from Bahrain. The Shaikh of Bahrain complained
to the political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. who replied, after consulting the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , that the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. had never
supported the Shaikh of Bahrain^ claim to the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
area, and that he was at liberty to take the matter up with
the Shaikh of Qatar direct. (Vide Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. printed Letter
No. C/366 dated the 15th March, 1945). £ v ->: c ' T
48. The Shaikh of Bahrain did not take the matter up
with the Shaikh of Qatar, but continued to make recurrent
complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. (a) that the Bahrainis
sent to Qatar were ordered to move away from the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
area and threatened with the cutting of their tent ropes
if they did not move, (b) that they must pay duty on their
supplies from Bahrain, (c) that Bahrainis going to the western
coast of Qatar to collect lime were turned back by the
ha a r of Qatar^ patrols and sometimes ill-treated (vide c ,
Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. D.O. No.p.12 dated 23rd August, 1945), and (4) that v
Bahrain! boats were charged harbour fees at Qatar ports.
(In fact a tax on the export of juss which had previously
been Imposed by the Shaikh of Qatar - cf. Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. telegram
No.84 dated the 23rd April, 1937). 5. l ,
v«5 / • ^ ^ 9
49. On the 21st May, 1946, the Shaikh of Bahrain wrote
to the political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. referring briefly to the events leading
up the 1944 Agreement and contending that while he had
kept to it and allowed Qataris to visit Bahrain, the position
at Zuoaran had not been restored to that prior to the 1937
trouble, (vide Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. letter No.c/622 dated 11 .6.1946).
( ^ • ^3 vol
50. in July, 1946, the politicalAgent visited Qatar.
He discussed the question of visits 'by the Al Khalifah and
Bahrainis to Qatar with the Shaikh of Qatar who said that
tne Al Knalifah would be most welcome but jsjtMtixMrfwTw
should send previous intimation of their coming and tfcit
BahrainIs visiting Qatar would be accorded the same treatment
as Qataris visiting Bahrain (Vide Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. letter No .c /733
dated the 11th July, 1946. . ^
vol C Of

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Content

This file contains correspondence about on-going tensions between Bahrain and Qatar regarding the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. after the Al Khalifa and Al Thani families had signed an agreement (mediated by the British) in 1944. The correspondence discusses disagreements between Bahrain and Qatar concerning their interpretation of the wording of the 1944 agreement and also the emigration of the Al Bu Rumaih tribe from Bahrain to Qatar (without permission of the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa).

On folios 8-4, the file contains a summary of all the key events related to the dispute over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from 1766 until 1946.

A small sketch map of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the surrounding area is contained on folio 117.

Extent and format
1 file (161 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

Formerly a correspondence file bound with treasury tags, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

There are three incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and runs through to 161, ending on the inside of the back cover of the file.

f.117 is stored in an envelope (f.116).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎14r] (27/322), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/372, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023636219.0x00001c> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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