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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎28r] (55/322)

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The record is made up of 1 file (161 folios). It was created in 14 Dec 1946-28 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Translation of letter dated the 3rd Rabi II, 1366,
(23rd February, 1947), from the shaikh of gatar to the
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.
After compliments;
I thank you very much for your letter No .c/187
dated the 13th February, 1947 (23rd Rabi al-Awv/al, 1366).
I fully appreciate your interest in your efforts to improve
relations among neighbouring States, for which efforts I am
sure you will be praised because of your intention
to take into consideration the interest of both parties.
For this, you deserve the best thanks and the highest con
sideration. But you are fully aware that I have done my
besl co achieve this object and carried out all in my power
to link up the ties of unity and friendliness. But have
such efforts been expended by the other party? 0' Your
Excellency, you realise that the pressure exerted by Bahrain
on ^ is very severe, and it has been increasing in
severity, (jatar subjects are facing difficulties which
are not present in other cases. They do not receive in
Bahrain the same facilities as other countries have been
receiving to the extenc that the transhipments granted to
others are reiused to them, and the goods destined for
abroad are not allowed (shipment) for ^atar at a time when
they are allowed for any destination. All this implies that
the Bahrain attitude towards us is not friendly. Besides,
Hahrain has opened Its gates to all those persons who would
come to it trom the Qatar peoples and tribes, welcoming them
ana endeavouring by every way of enticement and propaganda,
while we are keeping patience, and because of our good
intention, and our appreciation of the freedom of the indi
viduals, we have not complained to Your Excellency. As
regards what Shaikh Salman has told you about the al-Bu-Rumaih,
Your Excellency is aware that they have emigrated from
Baurain with the knowledge, consent and permission of shaikh
Salman, and without our asking or inviting them; nor had we
any knowledge about them. They arrived in (Jatar as guests,
and [our "jviceliency understands the Arab customs and their
usual practices, such as welcome and hospitality. And when
they expressed their desire to settle, we did not consider
it proper to shut the door in the face of a noble tribe
ariived as a guest, in pursuance of the customs, we have
allowed theM to settle like other settlers, without meaning
any harm. By my doing so I cannot find any cause to trouble
Shaikh Salman, so long as he himself had allowed them to
migrate. Ve are in the 20th century, and under the super
vision of noblemen who sacrificed their blood for the k & Mjs
sake en democracy and freedom. If your Excellency would
make enquiries, you would find that some of the .atar
tribe 8 and people left Qatar and settled in Bahrain, where
it pleased them to settle and v/here they were well received.
Tn future, if Shaikh Salman v/ishes us to adopt a definite
procedure necessitated by circumstances, and it be under
youi supervision, we are prepared to come to an agreement
on mutual basis, should this proposal appeal to Your Excellency
and ; naikh Salman, I would put up my proposal on which the
idea of reciprocality will be based.
Usual ending.
I !i

About this item


This file contains correspondence about on-going tensions between Bahrain and Qatar regarding the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. after the Al Khalifa and Al Thani families had signed an agreement (mediated by the British) in 1944. The correspondence discusses disagreements between Bahrain and Qatar concerning their interpretation of the wording of the 1944 agreement and also the emigration of the Al Bu Rumaih tribe from Bahrain to Qatar (without permission of the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa).

On folios 8-4, the file contains a summary of all the key events related to the dispute over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from 1766 until 1946.

A small sketch map of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the surrounding area is contained on folio 117.

Extent and format
1 file (161 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

Formerly a correspondence file bound with treasury tags, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

There are three incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and runs through to 161, ending on the inside of the back cover of the file.

f.117 is stored in an envelope (f.116).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎28r] (55/322), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/372, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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