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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎12r] (31/144)

The record is made up of 1 volume (68 folios). It was created in 1901. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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POLITICAL AGENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. FOR THE TBAE ISOO-IOOl- 17
consideration by tLc Sultan's Hindustani offipialc i,nf tu,, i
that the Customs revenue of the port ttould still teach lii.-hei' ^Mi're'rit itk
""" q " m ' d — °< a—
tor £ S"; ttr ', o
Sl'to'th"!, tlle P artles ooooemedhare appearetftocl'aim iVe'bolmS
• 4 f ear t di s P"(e. A remarkable dispute, in which tlip ^nlfan
interested, connected with the discovery and sa e of -i neiH nf ilt « ? uIf an was
which had been going on for more than^eafand S Val « e '
assume very serious proportions, has at last been amieabl v H, n ' to
consisting of certain of Ihe Trucial Chiefs as'lTbTe^l^
case seems to have been a (( test " one, and diffionlf mmcf ^ iVlusll ms. ilie
affecting the rights of the owner of soil andthe ^"^0^ TX"
was the fortunate finder to a share in the profits on the'sale of th^em" The
latter was a Kumzar subject of the Sultan of Maskat, and His H ghnesT was it
18 mderstood, awarded a third share in the value of the pearl. It is said how
ever to be st.ll deposited with some banker in Bomhav and unsold though
mortgageu, so that it.s not impossible that the last has still to be heard of it.
10- Arms traffic. As the trade returns demonstrate, not onlv does the tmffip
in arms show no signs of abatement, but the value of ii has more tha f ' dou bkd
itself during the past year (the direct London-Maskat steamers callin "ch
more frequently than heretofore) and has returned practically to the Tame
figure at which it stood m 1897-98, previous to the BaLhu^ JLT
This year s figures received from the Sultan may be considered vplinWo
as the Customs collection having been in His Highness's own hands his officiai
to thetorrp P cri n evy 0 of m d a ut;. SUre 0f 6X304 00ntentS 0f each case with a view
It is doubtful if the traffic has even yet reached its culminalinn- point for
the demand seems to grow with the supply. The import is still most y in' the
hands of British traders, but foreign subjects have embarked in it during the
year and others are expected to follow. uunng me
the weapons'?— detailS " 10UnCl 0SllreS idea of the destil 'ation of
Total pmported from Europe during the year . . 25,000 3,225,000
( a ) Numbers for which the Sultan liasheen asked to issue
ptisses for re-export by st-a to the ports of Batineh
Coast up to Ras Mussendim ,
(e) Proportion which has left Maskat by sea without
passes or gone into the interior by land from
Alaskat ,
13,000
1,059,000
12,000
2,166,000
25,000
3,225,000
P/a ^ ( a )i it is known that the demand for arms at th" Bitineli
Coast and Northern Oman Ports is very small indeed, and it follows from this
in the Gulf r Part 0f 111686 , J uaDtities llave been deflected to other markets
Reverend^ a ^ ^7 of Lahore.-On the Ist of December the Eight
B «bop of Lahore, paid Maskat a short visit, his primarv
while hi™'- 0 V ' Slt ■ e ? rave 0 f the late Bishop French who died here in 1891
fhe P, lr iDS as a missi0nai 'y- His Lordship read the Consecration Service at
SrS "t 66 ^^ m u Sh f kh Jabar Cove and also at a burial groLd
I r^marflvfnr . ^ "V' 88 tlle Su ltan near the American Mission house
, - e bir'al of members of the Native Christian community.
tended intn^tha^ T ' 1 ° u Sb the epidemic d^it with in last year's report just ex-
remained ° o nr7n en + V year l, M fi at was deolared free in Ma - y ' a " d ha * happily
fortunflfp bnwa to tlle end 0 f the year. Maskat may still be considered very
hrino*c ' e J er > 'f an outbreak does not occur before the great heat of Mav
brings comparative safety, for one or two cases have already occurred on the

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Maskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1900-01, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, Calcutta [Kolkata], forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and other Agents in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

The Administration Report is organised as follows:

1. General Summary , submitted by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Arnold Kemball, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (folios 4-10), including reports on: the year’s rainfall, harvest and wheat embargo; the governorship of Bushire; the public peace, including cases of violent incidents; public health, including incidences of smallpox and the plague; currency; customs administration, including the establishment of Belgian customs administration in the Gulf; compensation claims; the death of Queen Victoria; Resident’s tours. The General Summary also includes summaries for towns and regions, chiefly comprising accounts of local politics: Oman and Muscat, including agreement on the location of a French coal shed; Oman Coast; Bahrain, including reports from the Katr [Qatar] peninsula; Koweit [Kuwait] and Nejd, with a report on the fighting taking place between Abdul Rahman bin Feysul el Saood [Ibn Sa‘ūd] and the Emir of Nejd, Ibn Rashīd; Persian Arabistan; Fars and the Persian Coast; Persia Baluchistan. Further reports are included on: the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted by British officials in the region; incidents of piracy; naval movements, chiefly British but also one incidence of a French vessel in the Gulf; changes in British official personnel; and movements and changes in foreign representatives. Appendix A contains meteorological data for the year. Appendix B contains data from dispensary reports.

2. Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , 1900-01 , submitted by Captain Percy Zachariah Cox, His Britannic Majesty’s Consul and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (folios 10-14), including: reports and incidents of a tribal or local political nature at Muscat; events at Dhofar [Z̧ufār], Sohar and Soor [Sur]; a report of the Sultan’s tours; Cox’s tours as Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ; customs administration at Muscat; taxes; a pearling dispute; arms trafficking; a visit to Muscat by the bishop of Lahore; plague; the death of Queen Victoria; naval movements at Muscat, chiefly British also French vessels; the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted at Muscat; and changes in official personnel. An appendix of statistics for dispensary activities, surgical operations, and civil hospital expenditure follows the report.

3. Trade Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the Year 1900 , submitted by Kemball, in his capacity at His Britannic Majesty’s Acting Consul-General for Fars and Khuzistan (folios 15-45), including summaries of: imports; exports; harvest; the pearl fisheries; the region’s new gum (tragacanth) industry; exchange; currency; specie; mule hire rates; freight and shipping, customs administration; and a more detailed breakdown of imports and exports by specific products. An appendix follows with trade data of the principal imports and exports from various Gulf ports, and number, tonnage and nationality of vessels, for the period 1898 to 1900.

4. Trade Report for Maskat [Muscat] , 1900-01 , submitted by Cox (folios 46-47), is a separate trade report with statistical data for Muscat for 1900, with summaries of key commodities.

5. Report on the Trade and Commerce of Mohammerah [Khorramshahr] and the Kārūn river for 1900 , submitted by William McDouall, His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul, Mohammerah (folios 48-52), including summaries on: exchange; imports and exports; shipping activity; freight charges; activity on the Kārūn; caravan routes; agriculture; and health in Khorramshahr. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data.

6. Trade Report of Bundar Abbas [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] for the Year 1900 , submitted by Vere Hunt, Assistant Resident and His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul (folios 52-59), with summaries on: trade, and reasons for its overall reduction; customs administration; the Nushki trade route and the Bandar-e ʻAbbās to Yezd [Yazd] and Kermān road; embargo on cereals; carriage rates; exchange and specie. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bandar-e ʻAbbās.

7. Report on the Trade and Commerce of the Bahrein Islands for the Year 1900 , submitted by John Calcott Gaskin, Political Assistant, dated 27 January 1901 (folios 59-67), including a summary of trade, with particular focus on the pearl market; details of imports and exports; coinage, freight and shipping. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (68 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 3) which lists the report’s contents, and refers to the report’s own pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎12r] (31/144), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/79, No 385, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023643550.0x000021> [accessed 22 April 2024]

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