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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎17r] (41/144)

The record is made up of 1 volume (68 folios). It was created in 1901. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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RESIDENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. AND MASK AT rOLITICAL AGENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. FOR THE YEAR 1900-1901. 2?
on account of some opium which was returned from China having been found
to be largely adulterated and consequently unfit for sale. The chief articles
imported from Europe are bichromate of potash, sal ammoniac, white and green
copperas and mineral waters. The chief articles imported from India are
attari and country medicines and alum.
Glass and Glassware. —The imports of window panes and glassware shew
a fairly good increase. Prices generally have remained stationary. Cheap,
showy lamps, tumblers and mirrors are in much demand. Tea-cups have been
largely imported, and business in these articles is said to have been remunerative
there being a large demand for them in the interior, where the bulk of the
consignments are forwarded.
Gold Lace and Thread. —This shews an increase of Es. 50,000 over the
previous year. A considerable quantity is also imported from India and Turkey
by post, for which statistics are not available. These articles are extensively
used in the manufacture of Persian cloaks, ladies' chudders, veils, etc. The
increase in the imports of these articles indicates that the people are again
able to afford these luxuries.
Hardware and Cutlery. —The increase is chiefly in iron rails, tacks, knitting
and sewing machines, wires and anchors. One noticeable feature in this trade
is the increase in the knitting machines for socks, etc., owing to the people in
the interior having found them very handy and useful.
Indigo. —Good business at paying rates has been done in this article.
The manifests of steamers do not reveal any information as to the particular
sort of indigo Tvhich forms the bulk of the import, but enquiries in the bazar
shew that Oudh indigo is preferred to other sorts. Weaving operations on an
extensive scale in the interior have stimulated the import.
Matches. —Austria heads the list in the import of this article. The bulk
of the import represents safety matches. During the latter part of the year
business became dull, owing to the overstocked state of the market. The
increase in the imports appears to be due to speculation rather than to actual
increase in the demand.
Metals. —Copper, tin, iron and brass all shew a substantial increase, due
to the people being now in a position to replace their wares which they had to
part with during the previous jears of scarcity.
Kero&ine oil. —Though the figures shew r an increase of Rs. 52,498 over the
previous year, there has not been actual increase in the imports into Bushire.
A considerable quantity was transhipped for conveyance to such ports as
Koweit, Bahrein and Lingah, and the increase noted is due to such tranship
ment. The bulk of the oil is imported directly from Batoum, but the firm
engaged in the importation not having been able to procure a steamer, the
importation during the year was made from India and distributed from Bushire
to other Gulf ports.
'Porcelain and Chinaware. —The improvement noticeable in the imports is
due to the previous bare state of the market which was replenished during the
year. Business does not appear to have been remunerative and heavy losses
frequently made are likely to shrink the trade to narrow limits.
Provisions. —The increase has been chiefly contributed by the import of
ghi. The import of flour has dwindled owing to the abundant crop, which
has done away with the necessity of foreign importation.
Sugar, loaf. —While the consumption in Bushire appears to have been
stationary, re-exportation to the interior has been carried on to a larger extent
than in the previous year, which accounts for the large increase of Rs. 6,00,532.
France heads the list in the imports, but Egyptian loaf sugar is also coming
into favour. Owing to heavy speculation resulting in the market being over
stocked, business on the whole has not been remunerative.
Sugar, soft. —Remarks under the above head equally apply to the import
of this article, which shew an increase of Rs. 5,25,922 over the previous year.
Tea. —There has been a very slight increase of import in this article.
China tea has been largely imported and has paid well. It is chiefly used by
persons who are addicted to the use of opium. The import of Calcutta tea has
E 5S

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Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Maskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1900-01, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, Calcutta [Kolkata], forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and other Agents in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

The Administration Report is organised as follows:

1. General Summary , submitted by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Arnold Kemball, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (folios 4-10), including reports on: the year’s rainfall, harvest and wheat embargo; the governorship of Bushire; the public peace, including cases of violent incidents; public health, including incidences of smallpox and the plague; currency; customs administration, including the establishment of Belgian customs administration in the Gulf; compensation claims; the death of Queen Victoria; Resident’s tours. The General Summary also includes summaries for towns and regions, chiefly comprising accounts of local politics: Oman and Muscat, including agreement on the location of a French coal shed; Oman Coast; Bahrain, including reports from the Katr [Qatar] peninsula; Koweit [Kuwait] and Nejd, with a report on the fighting taking place between Abdul Rahman bin Feysul el Saood [Ibn Sa‘ūd] and the Emir of Nejd, Ibn Rashīd; Persian Arabistan; Fars and the Persian Coast; Persia Baluchistan. Further reports are included on: the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted by British officials in the region; incidents of piracy; naval movements, chiefly British but also one incidence of a French vessel in the Gulf; changes in British official personnel; and movements and changes in foreign representatives. Appendix A contains meteorological data for the year. Appendix B contains data from dispensary reports.

2. Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , 1900-01 , submitted by Captain Percy Zachariah Cox, His Britannic Majesty’s Consul and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (folios 10-14), including: reports and incidents of a tribal or local political nature at Muscat; events at Dhofar [Z̧ufār], Sohar and Soor [Sur]; a report of the Sultan’s tours; Cox’s tours as Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ; customs administration at Muscat; taxes; a pearling dispute; arms trafficking; a visit to Muscat by the bishop of Lahore; plague; the death of Queen Victoria; naval movements at Muscat, chiefly British also French vessels; the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted at Muscat; and changes in official personnel. An appendix of statistics for dispensary activities, surgical operations, and civil hospital expenditure follows the report.

3. Trade Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the Year 1900 , submitted by Kemball, in his capacity at His Britannic Majesty’s Acting Consul-General for Fars and Khuzistan (folios 15-45), including summaries of: imports; exports; harvest; the pearl fisheries; the region’s new gum (tragacanth) industry; exchange; currency; specie; mule hire rates; freight and shipping, customs administration; and a more detailed breakdown of imports and exports by specific products. An appendix follows with trade data of the principal imports and exports from various Gulf ports, and number, tonnage and nationality of vessels, for the period 1898 to 1900.

4. Trade Report for Maskat [Muscat] , 1900-01 , submitted by Cox (folios 46-47), is a separate trade report with statistical data for Muscat for 1900, with summaries of key commodities.

5. Report on the Trade and Commerce of Mohammerah [Khorramshahr] and the Kārūn river for 1900 , submitted by William McDouall, His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul, Mohammerah (folios 48-52), including summaries on: exchange; imports and exports; shipping activity; freight charges; activity on the Kārūn; caravan routes; agriculture; and health in Khorramshahr. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data.

6. Trade Report of Bundar Abbas [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] for the Year 1900 , submitted by Vere Hunt, Assistant Resident and His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul (folios 52-59), with summaries on: trade, and reasons for its overall reduction; customs administration; the Nushki trade route and the Bandar-e ʻAbbās to Yezd [Yazd] and Kermān road; embargo on cereals; carriage rates; exchange and specie. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bandar-e ʻAbbās.

7. Report on the Trade and Commerce of the Bahrein Islands for the Year 1900 , submitted by John Calcott Gaskin, Political Assistant, dated 27 January 1901 (folios 59-67), including a summary of trade, with particular focus on the pearl market; details of imports and exports; coinage, freight and shipping. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (68 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 3) which lists the report’s contents, and refers to the report’s own pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎17r] (41/144), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/79, No 385, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023643550.0x00002b> [accessed 23 April 2024]

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