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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎48r] (103/144)

The record is made up of 1 volume (68 folios). It was created in 1901. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and maskat political agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. foe the year 1900.1901, 89
P art V. REPORT ON THE TRADE AND COMMERCE OP MOHAM-
MERAH AND THE KARUN RIVER FOR THE YEAR 1900
Owing to the continued embargo on the export of grain and consequent General,
lack of cash among the growers, there was little increase in local trade
especially on the Karun, and at Bandar Nasri, which promised to become
a flourishing centre of retail trade, many of the shops have been closed. The
increase shown in the annexed tables is due to larger imports for shipment to
Koweit, to the rise in prices especially of cotton goods, to the openino- of the
Ahwaz-Ispahan road, and to Mohammerah becoming more and more^a centre
for supplying other districts.
Exchange ranged from 52 to 54i Krans to the £1 sterling. The accom- Exchange
panying statistics are calculated at 53 Krans to the £1 sterling.
Gum. The decrease in the export of insoluble gum is due to the demand Exports,
in London being poor with a falling market. The yield was unusually large.
Gum Tragacanth was exported for the first time, being brought from up-country
by the Ahwaz-Ispahan road.
Dates. —The returns give only the amount of dates exported by steamer or
by sailing craft under the British flag. In addition a large amount was
exported by Arab sailing craft, of which more than usual was for the Red
Sea ports.
Horses. —The increase in the export of horses is due to none being shipped
from Turkish ports.
Oil-seed. —The crop of oil-seeds was small and prices high.
Opium. —Opium arrived from the Ahwaz-Ispahan road for shipment.
Wool. —The clip of wool was unusually good in quality and fairly heavy,
and owing to high prices in Europe during the early part of the year a larger
amount than usual was pressed at Bandar Nasri for export.
There w T as again a considerable increase in imports. Coffee and American imports,
piece-goods used for sails of Arab craft are nearly entirely for Koweit.
The principal demand in cotton goods and their prices were as follows :—
£ s. d. Krans.
Grey sbirtings, 8 lbs. . , , , 0 6 2| = 16^- per piece.
Ditto, 9 lbs. . . . • , 0 6 9^ = 18 „
Prints, soft finish . , , . , 0 2 3 = 6 „ „
Tanjibs 0 4 If = 11 „ „
Printed jaconets , . , . . 0 2 7| = 7 „ „
Lappets 0 10 6| = 28 per dozen.
Imitation Turkey red. . . . , 0 10 ^ = 27 per piece.
Ditto, Syrians . . , . , 0 0 9 = 2,
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Cotton goods. —There was an increased demand for these goods from
neighbouring districts, and the importers now usually sell to retail dealers
by the bale and not by the piece as formerly. This trade is nearly entirely in
the hands of Jewish firms, importers from Manchester. The imports from India
are largely Manchester goods for Koweit.
Sugar. —There is again a large increase in loaf sugar, some of which
was forwarded for up-country by the Ahwaz-Ispahan road. The bulk^ is
Marseilles beet sugar, which is preferred as being more soluble^ but Egyptian
sugar is making its way, and there was a small consignment of Belgian sugai.
Twenty-two steamers called with cargo from and eight took cargo for shipping,
Europe. The vessels of the two Bombay Companies called regularly. Returns
of sailing craft under foreign flag are not available.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Maskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1900-01, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, Calcutta [Kolkata], forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and other Agents in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

The Administration Report is organised as follows:

1. General Summary , submitted by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Arnold Kemball, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (folios 4-10), including reports on: the year’s rainfall, harvest and wheat embargo; the governorship of Bushire; the public peace, including cases of violent incidents; public health, including incidences of smallpox and the plague; currency; customs administration, including the establishment of Belgian customs administration in the Gulf; compensation claims; the death of Queen Victoria; Resident’s tours. The General Summary also includes summaries for towns and regions, chiefly comprising accounts of local politics: Oman and Muscat, including agreement on the location of a French coal shed; Oman Coast; Bahrain, including reports from the Katr [Qatar] peninsula; Koweit [Kuwait] and Nejd, with a report on the fighting taking place between Abdul Rahman bin Feysul el Saood [Ibn Sa‘ūd] and the Emir of Nejd, Ibn Rashīd; Persian Arabistan; Fars and the Persian Coast; Persia Baluchistan. Further reports are included on: the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted by British officials in the region; incidents of piracy; naval movements, chiefly British but also one incidence of a French vessel in the Gulf; changes in British official personnel; and movements and changes in foreign representatives. Appendix A contains meteorological data for the year. Appendix B contains data from dispensary reports.

2. Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , 1900-01 , submitted by Captain Percy Zachariah Cox, His Britannic Majesty’s Consul and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (folios 10-14), including: reports and incidents of a tribal or local political nature at Muscat; events at Dhofar [Z̧ufār], Sohar and Soor [Sur]; a report of the Sultan’s tours; Cox’s tours as Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ; customs administration at Muscat; taxes; a pearling dispute; arms trafficking; a visit to Muscat by the bishop of Lahore; plague; the death of Queen Victoria; naval movements at Muscat, chiefly British also French vessels; the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted at Muscat; and changes in official personnel. An appendix of statistics for dispensary activities, surgical operations, and civil hospital expenditure follows the report.

3. Trade Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the Year 1900 , submitted by Kemball, in his capacity at His Britannic Majesty’s Acting Consul-General for Fars and Khuzistan (folios 15-45), including summaries of: imports; exports; harvest; the pearl fisheries; the region’s new gum (tragacanth) industry; exchange; currency; specie; mule hire rates; freight and shipping, customs administration; and a more detailed breakdown of imports and exports by specific products. An appendix follows with trade data of the principal imports and exports from various Gulf ports, and number, tonnage and nationality of vessels, for the period 1898 to 1900.

4. Trade Report for Maskat [Muscat] , 1900-01 , submitted by Cox (folios 46-47), is a separate trade report with statistical data for Muscat for 1900, with summaries of key commodities.

5. Report on the Trade and Commerce of Mohammerah [Khorramshahr] and the Kārūn river for 1900 , submitted by William McDouall, His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul, Mohammerah (folios 48-52), including summaries on: exchange; imports and exports; shipping activity; freight charges; activity on the Kārūn; caravan routes; agriculture; and health in Khorramshahr. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data.

6. Trade Report of Bundar Abbas [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] for the Year 1900 , submitted by Vere Hunt, Assistant Resident and His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul (folios 52-59), with summaries on: trade, and reasons for its overall reduction; customs administration; the Nushki trade route and the Bandar-e ʻAbbās to Yezd [Yazd] and Kermān road; embargo on cereals; carriage rates; exchange and specie. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bandar-e ʻAbbās.

7. Report on the Trade and Commerce of the Bahrein Islands for the Year 1900 , submitted by John Calcott Gaskin, Political Assistant, dated 27 January 1901 (folios 59-67), including a summary of trade, with particular focus on the pearl market; details of imports and exports; coinage, freight and shipping. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (68 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 3) which lists the report’s contents, and refers to the report’s own pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎48r] (103/144), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/79, No 385, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023643550.0x000069> [accessed 23 April 2024]

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