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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎53r] (113/144)

The record is made up of 1 volume (68 folios). It was created in 1901. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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BESiDENCY AND MASKAT POLITICAL AGEMCY FOR THE YEAR 1900-1901.
(?
99
As a contrast to the security of the Ouetta rnn/l +1,,.
between Bandar Abbas and Yezd and Kermin b htp L Car ? Van routes
insecure during the year. On more tl^n "ne occasion "fr" 0 " .'T U T lly
practically blocked for a time. The risk and hopelessness of obta? • y 6 ® 11
c._r compensation for losses must inevitably tend to divert traffi ^fo t? 88
cuannels where this is at all practicable. tiailic to other
(d) Embargo on cereals. embargo upon cereals does not affect thi,
port greatly m comparison with ports in a position to tan H, 0 •
countries of the Karun and Turkish Arabia A term used by the British officials to describe the territory roughly corresponding to, but not coextensive with, modern-day Iraq under the control of the Ottoman Empire. ; but, the harvest havif^been
a good one and there having been a large shortage in production in & there
is no doubt that, but for the embargo, there would have been a considerable
increase in the export of food-grains as compared with former years
{e) Bates of «»•<?.—The rates for carriage up-country fluctuated greatly
during the year. From 18* tomans 10,000 Persian dinars, or a gold coin of that value.
(180 krans) per load of 900 lb. to Yezd
in the summer it rose to 66 f tomans 10,000 Persian dinars, or a gold coin of that value. at
November. At this time, owing to the pTohibftoryrate" man^ con ^nments
of merchandise were diverted to Bnshire,_and the imports thus decreased! A
t Ks. 62-13-8. combination of merchants was successful
by the end of November, after which tTthf end" ^ ^TttyVuctTated
§ Ks. so. figure and 28 § tomans 10,000 Persian dinars, or a gold coin of that value. ,
£ x i. nm high rates were due principallv to thp
scarcity of transport. The exports having declined to half those of the previous
year, fewer animals came down with loads to the coast 3 whereas there was not
a piopoitionately great decrease m imports and the consequent demand for
carriage up-country, 1 ^ uu iur
Eupee exchange has fluctuated from to 3| krans • but for o.,w Q -HTr ^
part of the year it remained fairly steady at 34 krans ' greater Exchange.
The last figure is equivalent to a rate of 52J krans per £1 sterling.
Specie to the amount of Rs. 2,82,377 was imported during the year, chieflv Specie
from Karachi; while exports of specie amounted to a total of Us. 1,08,479,
most of which went to Bombay, s
■Ro 7" al tonn ^e of vessels that put in at and cleared from the port of Shipping.
^ and 147 ' 218 ' respectively, a respective increase of
63,744 and 47,838 tons over the figures for the preceding year.
» Rs. 51-7.
t Rs. 160.
Bandar Abbas;
The 14th March 1901,
VERE HUNT,
Assistant Resident and His Britannic
Majesty's Vice-Consul.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Maskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1900-01, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, Calcutta [Kolkata], forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and other Agents in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

The Administration Report is organised as follows:

1. General Summary , submitted by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Arnold Kemball, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (folios 4-10), including reports on: the year’s rainfall, harvest and wheat embargo; the governorship of Bushire; the public peace, including cases of violent incidents; public health, including incidences of smallpox and the plague; currency; customs administration, including the establishment of Belgian customs administration in the Gulf; compensation claims; the death of Queen Victoria; Resident’s tours. The General Summary also includes summaries for towns and regions, chiefly comprising accounts of local politics: Oman and Muscat, including agreement on the location of a French coal shed; Oman Coast; Bahrain, including reports from the Katr [Qatar] peninsula; Koweit [Kuwait] and Nejd, with a report on the fighting taking place between Abdul Rahman bin Feysul el Saood [Ibn Sa‘ūd] and the Emir of Nejd, Ibn Rashīd; Persian Arabistan; Fars and the Persian Coast; Persia Baluchistan. Further reports are included on: the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted by British officials in the region; incidents of piracy; naval movements, chiefly British but also one incidence of a French vessel in the Gulf; changes in British official personnel; and movements and changes in foreign representatives. Appendix A contains meteorological data for the year. Appendix B contains data from dispensary reports.

2. Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , 1900-01 , submitted by Captain Percy Zachariah Cox, His Britannic Majesty’s Consul and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (folios 10-14), including: reports and incidents of a tribal or local political nature at Muscat; events at Dhofar [Z̧ufār], Sohar and Soor [Sur]; a report of the Sultan’s tours; Cox’s tours as Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ; customs administration at Muscat; taxes; a pearling dispute; arms trafficking; a visit to Muscat by the bishop of Lahore; plague; the death of Queen Victoria; naval movements at Muscat, chiefly British also French vessels; the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted at Muscat; and changes in official personnel. An appendix of statistics for dispensary activities, surgical operations, and civil hospital expenditure follows the report.

3. Trade Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the Year 1900 , submitted by Kemball, in his capacity at His Britannic Majesty’s Acting Consul-General for Fars and Khuzistan (folios 15-45), including summaries of: imports; exports; harvest; the pearl fisheries; the region’s new gum (tragacanth) industry; exchange; currency; specie; mule hire rates; freight and shipping, customs administration; and a more detailed breakdown of imports and exports by specific products. An appendix follows with trade data of the principal imports and exports from various Gulf ports, and number, tonnage and nationality of vessels, for the period 1898 to 1900.

4. Trade Report for Maskat [Muscat] , 1900-01 , submitted by Cox (folios 46-47), is a separate trade report with statistical data for Muscat for 1900, with summaries of key commodities.

5. Report on the Trade and Commerce of Mohammerah [Khorramshahr] and the Kārūn river for 1900 , submitted by William McDouall, His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul, Mohammerah (folios 48-52), including summaries on: exchange; imports and exports; shipping activity; freight charges; activity on the Kārūn; caravan routes; agriculture; and health in Khorramshahr. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data.

6. Trade Report of Bundar Abbas [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] for the Year 1900 , submitted by Vere Hunt, Assistant Resident and His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul (folios 52-59), with summaries on: trade, and reasons for its overall reduction; customs administration; the Nushki trade route and the Bandar-e ʻAbbās to Yezd [Yazd] and Kermān road; embargo on cereals; carriage rates; exchange and specie. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bandar-e ʻAbbās.

7. Report on the Trade and Commerce of the Bahrein Islands for the Year 1900 , submitted by John Calcott Gaskin, Political Assistant, dated 27 January 1901 (folios 59-67), including a summary of trade, with particular focus on the pearl market; details of imports and exports; coinage, freight and shipping. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (68 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 3) which lists the report’s contents, and refers to the report’s own pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎53r] (113/144), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/79, No 385, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023643550.0x000073> [accessed 21 April 2024]

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