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Scientific and Philosophical Compendium of Aḥmad ibn Sulaymān Ghūjārātī (أحمد بن سليمان غوجاراتي) [‎26r] (62/514)

The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+250+i. It was created in Dhū al-ḥijjah 1134. It was written in Arabic, Persian and Farsi. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Compendium of short texts, extracts and notes on scientific and philosophical subjects, compiled by Aḥmad ibn Sulaymān Ghūjārātī (أحمد بن سليمان غوجاراتي; d. 1681), and completed in Dhū al-ḥijjah 1134/September-October 1722 (see note on f. 5r).

The manuscript was later owned by the compiler's grandson, Muḥammad Riḍā ibn Ghulām Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Sulaymān (محمد رضا ابن غلام محمد بن أحمد بن سليمان), at Surat, who added ten lines of verse on 18 Ramaḍān 1141/17 April 1729 (see f. 250v, lines 11-14).

Amongst the more lengthy and readily indentifiable contents are the following:

  • (1) Extract from Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (قطب الدين الشيرازي), Kitāb Nuzhat al-qulūb (كتاب نزهة القلوب) [Arabic] (f. 1v);
  • (2) Extract from Rabī‘ al-abrār (ربيع الأبرار) by al-Zamakhsharī (الزمخشري) [Arabic] (ff. 2r-2v);
  • (3) Method for istikh ā rah (استخارة) prayer [Persian] (f. 3v);
  • (4) Collection of extracts, notes and riddles on various subjects [Persian and Arabic] (ff. 5v-19r);
  • (5) Notes on the following text and other subjects [Persian and Arabic] (ff. 23v-25v);
  • (6) al-Bīrūnī (البيروني), Maqālah fī rāshīkāt al-hind (مقالة في راشيكات الهند) (ff. 26r-35v);
  • (7) Abū Ja‘far al-Khāzin (أبو جعفرالخازن), Burhān ākhar ‘alá al-shakl al-sābi‘ min kitāb Banī Mūsá (برهان آخر على الشكل السابع من كتاب بني موسى) [Arabic] (ff. 36r-39r);
  • (8) Extracts from Kitāb ṣanf fī fann al-rājī wa-laṭā’ifihi (كتاب صنف في فن الراجي ولطائفه), Ta’rīkh Makkah (تأريخ مكّة) by Quṭb al-Khafī (قطب الخفي), and Musurgia universalis (كتاب في الموسيقى; Rome: 1650) by Athanasius Kircher (أتهانازيوس كيرﭼروس الفرنكي) [Arabic and Persian] (ff. 39v-45b);
  • (9) Extract from a treatise on trigonometry [Arabic] (ff. 46v-49r);
  • (10) Banū Mūsá (بنو موسى), al-Shakl al-sādis ‘ashr min Kitāb ma‘rifat misāḥat al-ashkāl al-basīṭah wa-al-kurīyah (الشكل السادس عشر من كتاب معرفة مساحة الأشكال البسيطة والكرية) [Arabic] (ff. 50r-52v);
  • (11) Extracts on various geometrical subjects including a passage from the De sphaera et cylindro (Περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου; كتاب الكرة والأسطوانة) by Archimedes (أرشميدس), methods for determining the direction of the qiblah at Akbārābād and Burhānpūr, and an extract entitled al-Risālah lil-kurah al-mutaḥarikah bi-ḥarikah dā’imah (الرسالة للكرة [!] المتحركة بحركة دائمة; perhaps De sphaera quae movertur [Περὶ κινουμένης σφαίρας; كتاب الكرة المتحركة] by Autolycus of Pitane [Αὐτόλυκος ὁ Πιταναῖος; أوطولوقس]) [Arabic and Persian] (ff. 53r-57v);
  • (12) Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (نصير الدين الطوسي), Fī bayān annahu lā yumkin an yajtama‘ min ‘adadayn murabba‘ayn fardayn‘adad murabba‘ (في بيان أنه لا يمكن أن يجتمع من عددين مربعين فردين عدد مربع) [Arabic] (f. 58r);
  • (13) Two riddles by Bahā’ al-Dīn al-‘Āmilī (بهاء الدين العاملي) [Arabic] (ff. 76v-81r);
  • (14) Bahā’ al-Dīn al-‘Āmilī (بهاء الدين العاملي) Tashrīḥ al-aflāk [Arabic] (ff. 113v-123r);
  • (15) Ḥusayn ibn Ibrāhīm al-Tankābanī (حسين بن إبراهيم التنكاباني), Risālah fī ithbāt ḥudūth al-‘ālam (رسالة في إثبات حدوث العالم) [Arabic] (ff. 125r-128r);
  • (16) Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwīyah (يزيد ابن معاوية), Qaṣīdah mīmīyah (قصيدة ميمية) [Arabic] (ff. 131r-131v and 146r);
  • (17) Extract from the Fifth Treatise (رسالة) of the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (إخوان الصفاء) on music [Arabic] (ff. 140v-142v);
  • (18) Archimedes (أرشميدس), Kitāb fī qismat shakl samāhu bil-sīṭumāshīyūn (كتاب في قسمة شكل سماه بالسيطماشيون) [Arabic] (ff. 143r-145r);
  • (19) Treatise on tawḥīd (توحيد) by Muḥammad Afḍal al-Dīn (محمد أفضل الدين) [defective at end; Arabic] (ff. 184r-191r);
  • (20) Qusṭā ibn Lūqā (قسطا بن لوقا), Maqālah fī al-burhān ‘alá ḥisāb al-khaṭā’ayn [Arabic] (مقالة في البرهان على حساب الخطائين) (ff. 191r-194r);
  • (21) Extract from the al-Muḥallá (المحلّى) by Ibn Ḥazm (ابن حزم) [Arabic] (ff. 225r-228v);
  • (22) Extract from a work by Bahā’ al-Dīn al-‘Āmilī (بهاء الدين العاملي) concerning density [Arabic] (f. 233r);
  • (23) A qaṣīdah by Khālid ibn Ṣawān Fayyāḍ (خالد بن صفوان فياض) known as al-‘Arūs (العروس) [Arabic] (ff. 234r-241r);
  • (24) Bahā’ al-Dīn al-‘Āmilī (بهاء الدين العاملي), the conclusion (خاتمة) from the Khulāṣat al-ḥisāb (خلاصة الحساب) [Arabic] (ff. 249r-250r);
  • (25) Ten lines of verse by Muḥammad Riḍā ibn Ghulām Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Sulaymān (محمد رضا ابن غلام محمد بن أحمد بن سليمان) [Arabic] (f. 250v).
Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+250+i
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 195 x 130 mm leaf [135 x 85 mm written]

Foliation: Eastern Arabic foliation in black ink; India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. foliation in Western Arabic numerals stamped in black ink

Ruling: Misṭarah ; average of 17 lines per page; vertical spacing 13 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh ; the scribe is Aḥmad ibn Sulaymān Ghūjārātī (أحمد بن سليمان غوجاراتي)

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and occasional overlinings in red

Binding: British Museum binding with leather from previous cover pasted to front and back of current binding

Condition: Very minor worm damage

Marginalia: Numerous by hand of compiler

Written in
Arabic, Persian and Farsi in Arabic script
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Scientific and Philosophical Compendium of Aḥmad ibn Sulaymān Ghūjārātī (أحمد بن سليمان غوجاراتي) [‎26r] (62/514), British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, IO Islamic 824, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023644323.0x00003f> [accessed 12 December 2018]

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