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'File 53/7 (D 3) Koweit [Kuwait] Affairs, 1900-1901' [‎102r] (216/697)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (349 folios). It was created in 23 Apr 1900-30 Apr 1901. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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No. 234, dated Bushire, the 21st September 1900 (Confidential).
From— Lieutenant-Colonel C. A. Kemball, Offg. Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian
Gulf,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department.
In continuation of my letter No. 226, dated 29th August 1900, I have
To Her Britannic Majesty Consul, Basrah, the llOnOUl' to forward herewith, for the
^e <J20 ' dated the 3rd Se i ,tember ly00 ' with encl0 - information of the Government of India,
From Her Britannic Mnjesty's Consul, Basrah, COpieS of the marginally cited Confidential
No. i3o, dated the 12th September 1900. correspondence which has passed between
Her Britannic Majesty's Consul at Basrah and me regarding Koweit affairs.
_ 2. Mr. Shipley's despatch is a most interesting one. It is clear that the
Emir of Nejd is not likely to abandon his efforts on behalf of Sheikh Mubarak's
nephews and Sheikh Mubarak's recent action in befriending Abdul Eahman-
* Vide entry No. 17 in tins office diary for the bin-Fcysal against the Emir of Nejd* IS
week ending 17th September 1900. certain to make the Emir more bitter
against him.
Mubarak's position appears to me to be getting more difficult, and it
remains to be seen how long be will be able to withstand the various combin
ations against him and also defy the persistent invitations to him on the part of
the Turks that he should visit Basrah.
No. 920, dated Bushire, the 3rd September 1900 (Confidential).
From— Lieutenant-Colonel C. A. Kemball , Her Britannic Majest /s Acting
Consul-General for Fars, &c..
To—Her Britannic Majesty^s Consul at Basrah.
In forwarding, for your perusal, the enclosed copy of a report which I
have received from our news-agent at Koweit, I shall be glad if you will be
good enough to let me know whether you have received any information which
would confirm this report.
It would be interesting to know if Saiyid Ahmed's visit to Koweit was for
the reason mentioned in the report.
Report from the News-agent at Koweit, dated the 17th August 1900.
On 5th June 1900, arrivals from the Hedjaz reported that Yusuf-bin-
Ibrahim and the sons of Muhammad-bin-Sabah and Jerrah were with Abdul
Aziz-bin-Bashid, and were seeking his assistance against Sheikh Mubarak.
The Emir accepted their request and at once wrote a letter to the Sublime
Porte, and sent a present of 10 horses via Jeddah, requesting the Sublime Porte
either to recover the rights of Muhammad Sabah's sons from Sheikh Mubarak,
or to allow him to recover them himself. On receipt of this news. Sheikh
Mubarak wired to the Sublime Porte to the effect that the rebel Yusuf-bin-
Ibrahim had taken refuge with Emir Ibn Eashid and the latter was assisting
him. In consequence of this, the roads were not safe and the Bedouins had
taken to plundering (caravans) and disturbances had taken place between
Arabs. His stay with Ibn Bashid was not advisable. Sheikh Mubarak's tele
gram reached the Sublime Porte before arrival of Ibn Bashid's present and
letter. The Sublime Porte wired to Saiyid Ahmed Nakib (of Basrah) to go
to Koweit and visit Sheikh Mubarak and write a letter to Emir Abdul Aziz in
their name, asking him to send aWay the rebel Yusaf and his companions on
receipt of the letter. Saiyid Ahmed's arrival in Koweit is for the above
purpose, and he has written a letter to Abdul Aziz as ordered.

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Content

The file contains correspondence between various British officials and correspondence directly between Shaikh Mubārak Āl Ṣabāḥ (the ruler of Kuwait) and British officials. The correspondence discusses the Ottoman state's efforts to re-establish its authority in Kuwait and to convince Shaikh Mubārak to move away from the British. This correspondence includes details of the annual subsidy allocated to Mubārak by the Ottomans and reports that he was appointed to the Ottoman rank of Mir Miran (Pasha).

The file contains reports and correspondence regarding the rivalry and conflict between Shaikh Mubārak (and his tribal allies including the Al Saud) and the ruler of the Emirate of Jabal Shammar and head of the Rashidi tribal dynasty, Abdul Aziz Ibn Mitab [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin Mit‘ab]. This includes detailed reports of the Battle of Sarif that took place between the two sides on 17 March 1901.

The file also contains an account of the re-capture of Riyadh by Abdul Aziz ibn Abdulrahman ibn Faisal Al Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Saud)] in 1901.

The file contains a number of reports (in their original Arabic with English translations attached) concerning political affairs in Kuwait (and the conflict between Mubarak and the Amir of Nejd) that were written by Ali bin Ghulam Reza, a news agent in Kuwait employed by the British. Many of these reports are addressed (in Arabic) to Hajji Abbas bin Muhmmad bin Fadhil, a munshi A secretary or political assistant working in the British administration in the Gulf, often also providing linguistic interpretation. employed by the British in Bahrain and it appears that he translated the reports into English.

Extent and format
1 volume (349 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end. An index of topics discussed in the file is contained on ff. 1a-2. The page numbers used in this index relate to the pagination sequence in the file that uses blue or red pencil numbers in the top-right corner of rectos and the top-left corner of versos

Physical characteristics

Condition: Formerly a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

Foliation: The volume has been foliated from the front cover to the inside back cover, using circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . An original pagination system runs throughout the volume, using blue or red pencil numbers in the top-right corner of rectos and the top-left corner of versos.

The following foliation anomalies occur: 1a, 2a, 2b, 63a, 121a, 259a.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 53/7 (D 3) Koweit [Kuwait] Affairs, 1900-1901' [‎102r] (216/697), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/473, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023663541.0x000011> [accessed 22 September 2019]

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