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'File 53/7 (D 3) Koweit [Kuwait] Affairs, 1900-1901' [‎198r] (409/697)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (349 folios). It was created in 23 Apr 1900-30 Apr 1901. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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The file contains correspondence between various British officials and correspondence directly between Shaikh Mubārak Āl Ṣabāḥ (the ruler of Kuwait) and British officials. The correspondence discusses the Ottoman state's efforts to re-establish its authority in Kuwait and to convince Shaikh Mubārak to move away from the British. This correspondence includes details of the annual subsidy allocated to Mubārak by the Ottomans and reports that he was appointed to the Ottoman rank of Mir Miran (Pasha).

The file contains reports and correspondence regarding the rivalry and conflict between Shaikh Mubārak (and his tribal allies including the Al Saud) and the ruler of the Emirate of Jabal Shammar and head of the Rashidi tribal dynasty, Abdul Aziz Ibn Mitab [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin Mit‘ab]. This includes detailed reports of the Battle of Sarif that took place between the two sides on 17 March 1901.

The file also contains an account of the re-capture of Riyadh by Abdul Aziz ibn Abdulrahman ibn Faisal Al Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Saud)] in 1901.

The file contains a number of reports (in their original Arabic with English translations attached) concerning political affairs in Kuwait (and the conflict between Mubarak and the Amir of Nejd) that were written by Ali bin Ghulam Reza, a news agent in Kuwait employed by the British. Many of these reports are addressed (in Arabic) to Hajji Abbas bin Muhmmad bin Fadhil, a munshi A secretary or political assistant working in the British administration in the Gulf, often also providing linguistic interpretation. employed by the British in Bahrain and it appears that he translated the reports into English.

Extent and format
1 volume (349 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end. An index of topics discussed in the file is contained on ff. 1a-2. The page numbers used in this index relate to the pagination sequence in the file that uses blue or red pencil numbers in the top-right corner of rectos and the top-left corner of versos

Physical characteristics

Condition: Formerly a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

Foliation: The volume has been foliated from the front cover to the inside back cover, using circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . An original pagination system runs throughout the volume, using blue or red pencil numbers in the top-right corner of rectos and the top-left corner of versos.

The following foliation anomalies occur: 1a, 2a, 2b, 63a, 121a, 259a.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 53/7 (D 3) Koweit [Kuwait] Affairs, 1900-1901' [‎198r] (409/697), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/473, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 July 2020]

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