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'File 53/7 (D 3) Koweit [Kuwait] Affairs, 1900-1901' [‎213v] (440/697)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (349 folios). It was created in 23 Apr 1900-30 Apr 1901. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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3 12. -
December 1900) and proceeded to Hafer where be intends to make a bait till
bis tribes have joined him and the wuereabouts of Abdul Aziz ibn Hashid are
known to him.
The object of Sheikh Mubarek in undertaking these operations is to pro
tect his tribes against any designs on the part of Ibn Rashid, who is still on
the move and has not returned to his territory, and as long as the latter is
moving about unhampered, Sheikli Mubarek will not feel secure and fears that
he may overpower his tribes.
Accordingly he left Koweit on the 25th Shaaban Q8th December) and took
up his quarters at Hafer w r hich is situated at equal distance of six days' march
to Nejd on one side^aTTd Ibn Rash id's territory on the other.
Among Sheikh Mubarek's followers are his brother Hamood bin Sabah, his
nephew Sheikh Khalifa, his cousin Sheikh Jaber bin Fazel and Abdur Rahman
bin Feysal; and Sheikh Saadoon Muntefeji will start to join Sheikh JVJubarek
at Hafer.
The result of these expeditions will be duly reported to you.
Translation of a report, dated 8th January 1901, from the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. News-Agent at Koweit.
I stated in my report of 22nd December that Sheikh Mubarek had gone
out to stay with his tribes (for their protection). On the 30th December he
wrote to his son Jaber:—"As regards our tribes who live in Dahana and
Snmman, Ibn Rashid had attacked them suddenly one morning before my
arrival, and a fight had taken place between them, but by the grace of God
they (the tribes) held their own. I have now reached Dahana and Samman
and all our tribes are with me. I now ask for God's help." Sheikh Mubarek
has also written to Mohsin Pasha Wali (of Bussorah as follows) :—
" As regard Ibn Rashid, you told me to return to my country and not to
be afraid of him for the sake of my tribes, because, according to the orders of
the Sublime Porte, he was returning to his territory. It will now appear to you
whether I am acting in the wrong way or he who is attacking my tribes
unawares. But by the grace of God he has not succeeded. Let this action of
his be known to you. How can my heart rest at peace when this scoundrel is
at liberty (to do what he likes), and that rogue Yusuf bin Ibrahim the rebel."
Sheik Jaber has sent this letter to Mohsin Pasha.
Koweit and its environs are safe, but Sheikh Jaber has engaged watchmen
to guard the place.
Sheikh Sadun of Muntafek and Abdul Rahman bin Paisal are with Sheik
T^le^ram No W-B.A., dated the 7tb February 1901.
From—The Foreign Secretary, Calcutta,
To—The Resident, Bushire,
Reports have been published in the Bombay newspapers to effect that
severe fighting had'taken place on 2drd December (which may possibly be
January) between Sheikh Mubarek of Koweit and Amir of Nejd, endino- in
complete defeat of latter. Have you information on subject ?
Telegram, dated the 9tb February 1901.
From—-The Resident, Busbire,
To—The Foreign Secretary, Calcutta,
Your telegram of 7th February last. There is no truth in report. No
fighting of importaneQ has as y et taken - i
A - , Cjfr t £
fYTc-Ji /£& djf 3^' /■ -

About this item


The file contains correspondence between various British officials and correspondence directly between Shaikh Mubārak Āl Ṣabāḥ (the ruler of Kuwait) and British officials. The correspondence discusses the Ottoman state's efforts to re-establish its authority in Kuwait and to convince Shaikh Mubārak to move away from the British. This correspondence includes details of the annual subsidy allocated to Mubārak by the Ottomans and reports that he was appointed to the Ottoman rank of Mir Miran (Pasha).

The file contains reports and correspondence regarding the rivalry and conflict between Shaikh Mubārak (and his tribal allies including the Al Saud) and the ruler of the Emirate of Jabal Shammar and head of the Rashidi tribal dynasty, Abdul Aziz Ibn Mitab [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin Mit‘ab]. This includes detailed reports of the Battle of Sarif that took place between the two sides on 17 March 1901.

The file also contains an account of the re-capture of Riyadh by Abdul Aziz ibn Abdulrahman ibn Faisal Al Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Saud)] in 1901.

The file contains a number of reports (in their original Arabic with English translations attached) concerning political affairs in Kuwait (and the conflict between Mubarak and the Amir of Nejd) that were written by Ali bin Ghulam Reza, a news agent in Kuwait employed by the British. Many of these reports are addressed (in Arabic) to Hajji Abbas bin Muhmmad bin Fadhil, a munshi A secretary or political assistant working in the British administration in the Gulf, often also providing linguistic interpretation. employed by the British in Bahrain and it appears that he translated the reports into English.

Extent and format
1 volume (349 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end. An index of topics discussed in the file is contained on ff. 1a-2. The page numbers used in this index relate to the pagination sequence in the file that uses blue or red pencil numbers in the top-right corner of rectos and the top-left corner of versos

Physical characteristics

Condition: Formerly a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

Foliation: The volume has been foliated from the front cover to the inside back cover, using circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . An original pagination system runs throughout the volume, using blue or red pencil numbers in the top-right corner of rectos and the top-left corner of versos.

The following foliation anomalies occur: 1a, 2a, 2b, 63a, 121a, 259a.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 53/7 (D 3) Koweit [Kuwait] Affairs, 1900-1901' [‎213v] (440/697), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/473, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 September 2019]

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