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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the years 1876-77.’ [‎56v] (111/125)

The record is made up of 57 folios. It was created in 1877. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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98 ADMINISTRATION REPORT OF THE PERSIAN GULP POLITICAL RESIDENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India.
This excessive solar beat exerts also an indirect influence by beatino- the
surrounding rocks to a very high degree ; and, as owing to their geolo^i-
cal nature and colour they absorb heat rapidly and radiate it slowly,
the surrounding atmosphere is kept at a high temperature for many hours
after the sun has set, rendering the heat at night almost as unbearable
as that during the day.
The temperature in the shade has a great annual rano-e, but the
diurnal variation is slight. The highest temperature registered has been
104 o b. and the lowest o3 b.j but these are the two greatest extremes,
and have occurred under the exceptional circumstances of a hot, dry wind
and a strong cold north-west wind attended with rain. The average
maximum temperature may be stated to be 83-8 0 F., and the average mini
mum 77-8 0 F., giving a mean of 80-8 o F. The hottest months of the
year are May, June and July, and the coldest December, January and
February. The exhausting eifects of a continuously high temperature
during five months, especially on the nervous system, may be easily ima
gined; if to these we add the effects of great humidity when the south
west monsoon blows, and those of a highly rarified condition of the
atmosphere when the hot and dry wind prevails, causing a diminution
in the quantity of oxygen inhaled, and thus retarding the regressive
metamorphosis of tissues, we have the sum of the general influence of
the hot season m Muscat on the constitution. The hot, dry wind whose
temperature generally varies from 99 0 F. to 104 o F., and which blows
direct from the great Arabian desert, occasionally induces premonitory
symptoms of msolatio, whilst the damp wind, which blows over from
the sea charged with moisture almost to saturation, with a comparatively
lower temperature, has a depressing influence on the digestive, circulatory
and nervous systems.
mnnf r f h % m T linraUm ™hich generally occurs about the
Ami rrf a l n an m)favora1)]o influence, especially on the
been nnH V^ 11 ' ihebod J' which during the previous months had
atHok nf T d . e P re f ing m ^ Ce 0f t,ie 1,eat ' becomes n ow liable to
The Avnl eY01 ' am 'uternal congestions are not uncommon,
health^ tb^^f n ff ^ believ e that the hot weather is decidedly
whilst thnciP f ^ effects of heat being gradual and insidious,
remittent fWp H ^ culminati ^ ^ an attack of ague oi^
are mo™ ^ '-r, spleeu o f lungs,
season 1)ut^'exepnfi!! m '^^mosphere varies according to the
variation is slio-hf Tl " ' U1 , \ Cre ^ . a a,K ^ dry shumal, the diurnal
]00) occurs abonV tl e ^ iea ^ s ^ ^lative humidity 77 (saturation being
JUUj occuis about the months of July and August when the south
west monsoon blows • an rl t-V. a loocf i /■ i -7? en tne soum
with a hot and dry stuma/ relatlve hu ^dity generally m June
s is thl u ^rvr lation or
being greatest when the Xt"™Lm!Tity t\e^ e ™gh^ ^
very oiinressive^-'■'" r ', n ^ certain months makes the atmosphere
Zn "TmpS and ^^
- system becomes depressed; still this

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Content

Administration report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1876-77, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, Calcutta [Kolkata], 1877, and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (no. 138). The administration report is based on reports sent by the Officiating Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Lieutenant-Colonel William Francis Prideaux) and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Barrett Miles) to the Government of India. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Prideaux to Thomas Henry Thornton, Officiating Secretary to the Government of India, dated 15 June 1877, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folio 8).

The report is organised in a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part I: Administration Report for 1876-77 – General (folios 8-10) signed by Prideaux, and arranged under subheadings as follows: 1. Oman; Petty independent chiefdoms (2. Oman Coast); 3. Bahrain [referred to as Bahrein throughout]; 4. Nejd [Najd]; 5. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]; 6. Persian Coast; 7. Government of Fars; Bushire (Dashtee, Bunder Abbass [Bandar-e ʻAbbās], postal, judicial); Establishment (political, medical, naval); slave trade.

Part II: Administration Report for 1876-77 – Memorandum showing the number of Returns accompanying the Trade Report of the Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (folios 11-45), comprising thirty statistical tables containing data on the import and export of commodities into and out of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. during the official year 1875-76. The tables contain data for Arabia, Persia and Turkey in Asia, and specifically data on vessels and trade at Bushire, Bandar-e ʻAbbās, Lingah [Bandar-e Lengeh], Bahrain and the Arab coast. There is an index of the statistical tables on folio 11.

Part III: Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat, for the year 1876-76 (folios 45-48), prepared by Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Barrett Miles, Her Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul at Muscat. The report is arranged under the following headings: political; resources and trade (production, agriculture, industries, fisheries, trade).

Part IV, prepared by Miles (folios 49-55) comprises six statistical tables containing trade data relating to Muscat: average tonnage of vessels entering and leaving the port of Muscat; imports and exports, listed by commodity; and contrasted statements on vessels and imported goods.

Part V, Medical Topography of Muscat (folios 55-62), by the Muscat Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. Surgeon, Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar. Jayakar’s report is arranged under the following headings: geology; climate; water supply; food; sanitation; population; dwellings and streets; prevailing diseases; malaria and malarial fevers; typhoid fever; smallpox and measles; cholera; dysentery; scurvy; rheumatism; phthisis pulmonalis; bronchitis; purumonia; organic diseases of the heart; dyspepsia, colic and diarrhoea; hoemorrhoides [haemorrhoids]; diseases of the liver; hypertrophy; diseases of the kidney and bladder; diseases of the brain and insanity; diseases of the eye; diseases of the skin; leprosy; ulcers; dracunculus; venereal diseases; syphilis.

Extent and format
57 folios
Arrangement

The report is arranged into five parts (I-V). Part I is arranged into numbered sections (1-7) and numbered paragraphs (1-35). Part II is arranged into numbered tables (1-30). Part III is arranged by subject headings and subheadings, part IV by lettered tables (A-F), and part V by suhheadings. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 6-7), which lists the report’s contents by part and major headings, and refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 1, and ends on the last folio on number 62.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the years 1876-77.’ [‎56v] (111/125), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/29, No 138, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023676263.0x000072> [accessed 22 July 2024]

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