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'Military Report on South-West Persia, Including the Provinces of Khuzistan (Arabistan), Luristan, and Part of Fars' [‎111] (152/466)

The record is made up of 1 volume (390 pages). It was created in 1885. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: Printed Collections.


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others, unaccustomed to them from birth, will have to be led ; and his excel-
lent transport animals seem to regard them as not inferior to plain surfaces.
No road-making tools exist in the villages, and a knowledge of blasting
seems to be unknown. It is therefore impossible for the Lurs, even when
ordered to improve their roads, to do so. A reference is made to the attempts
made by the Kuhgehlu to improve the road between Isfahan and Behbahan on
page 2 Such attempts must always be equally futile and unproductive of
any good results, for all difficult passages over rock must be left untouched.
When travelling through the settled districts of Persia no guides
Guides. required, the muleteers themselves being generally well
acquainted with the roads. In Khuzistan, Arabistan,
Luristan, and portions of Fars guides are very necessary ; they should always
be procured from the khans of districts; they alone can be relied on to remain
with the party, and to supply their place by others.
Where the want of a bridge is very greatly felt, and when the difficulty
Brido-es. to overcome is not very excessive, bridges are built ;
when built, they are allowed to fall into disrepair,
and when distant from a large town, to fall into ruins. Off the main lines
of communication and within the hills and bordering them, numerous deep
and rapid streams have to be forded; these obstacles are most formidable durino*
the melting of the snow, March to June, and during the spring and winter
rains, December and January {see page 161 — Fords),
A ready means of crossing the rivers, when in flood, is by means of rafts
of inflated sheep skins covered with fascines [kalak).
In few parts of South-West Persia is timber plentiful
enough for their construction [•see page 163),
The river Zaindanid was crossed at the end of May on a timber raft at
Bagh-i-Wargarum [see page 277), the bridge there havingbeen washed away.
In 1886 Major Rawlinson crossed troops and guns over the Karun
at Shustar by means of " kalaks"
Ferrie8> Ferry boats are almost unknown except on large rivers
such as the Karum ; they are of small size [see page 40).
Ferries are few and far between, and can muster but one boat as a rule.
Horses and baggage animals are driven into the river and left to swim
across by themselves. Donkeys, sheep, &c., are bound and laden as merchand
ise, or are crossed over as described on page 72.
Persians dwelling on the banks of rivers are generally strong swimmers
and expert at manoeuvring rafts.
The rivers are generally well suited for working flying bridges. None,
however, were seen, unless the raft at Bagh-i-Wargarun may be considered
to have been one.
The only regular post in South-West Persia is that between Bushire
Pests. ail( ^ Tehran via Shiraz, Isfahan, and Kum. The only
other means of communication to the south of the line
of Khoramabad-Isfahan is by special messengers. Chapper or express horsemen
will travel at the rate of 5 miles an hour, and kossid or foot messengers will,
at times, go 60 miles in one day. Merchants combine and amongst themselves
keep up a staff of kossids. Khans keep their own sowars. Northward of Buru-
jird bi-weekly posts exist between the chief towns.
The postal route is also the telegraph route. Attempts were made to
Telegraphs. connect Shustar and Dizful with Khoramabad by a
line carried through the Lur hills via KaPa Rezza, Jaidar
Ab-i-Sard, &c., but it failed, as the Feili Lurs pulled it down and destroyed
the post and telegraph offices as soon as they were built.

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Military Report on South-West Persia, Including the Provinces of Khuzistan (Arabistan), Luristan, and Part of Fars by Major and Bt. Lieut-Col. Mark S. Bell, V.C., R.E.

Publication Details: Simla: Government Central Branch Press, 1885. Prepared in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India.

Physical Description: 3 maps in end pockets. 41 plates.

Extent and format
1 volume (390 pages)

This volume contains a table of contents giving chapter headings and page references.

Physical characteristics

Dimensions: 245mm x 150mm

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Military Report on South-West Persia, Including the Provinces of Khuzistan (Arabistan), Luristan, and Part of Fars' [‎111] (152/466), British Library: Printed Collections, V 8685, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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