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'Military Report and Route Book. The Arabian States of the Persian Gulf. 1939' [‎11v] (22/328)

The record is made up of 1 volume (157 folios and 7 maps in pocket). It was created in 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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common enemy, the Shammar, and annex their terri
tories in 1906. The subsequent hostile attitude of Ibtt
Said towards the ruling family of Kuwait has laid
him open to the charge of gross ingratitude.
Before 1895 official intercourse between the Bntisb
Residents in the Gulf and the Sheikhs of Kuwait appears
to have been infrequent, though personal relations were
Kuwait was, nominally, until about 35 years ago, in-
eluded in the Ottoman province of Basra, but the bheik
was accorded complete local autonomy m his own area.
The British Government insisted on dealing directly witn
the Sheikh, when the Baghdad Railway question began,
and supported him against the Turks with whom Sheikn
Mubarak repudiated all relations in 1914.
In 1899 Sheikh Mubarak signed an agreement with
the British Government, binding h mself and his succes
sors not to hand over any part of his territory to foreign
ers without the consent of the British Government.
Four years later he accepted a British Polit cal Agen
at his court. He subsequently regarded himself as
under British protection and made important and ex
clusive concessions to us.
3. Recent History—On the outbreak of war in 1914,
the Sheikh of Kuwait made a declarat.on of loyalty and
placed his " efforts, his men and his ships at the dis
posal of the Government of Great Britain ", offering at
the same time to eject the Turkish garrison from the
Islands at the mouth of the Shatt-al-Arab. The ter
mination of the war necessitated a decision as to the
status of Kuwait, which H. M.'s Government had pro
mised in November 1914 to recognize as an independent
principality under British protection. As a reward
for having entered the war on our side, the Shaikh was
also exempted in perpetuity from paying taxes on his
date gardens in Iraq,
The outstanding feature of the post-war history of
Kuwait has been the stra : ned relations with Ibn Saud.
Owing to the non-ratification of the Anglo-Turkish con-

About this item


This volume contains geographical information and maps about the Arabian States of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It was produced by the General Staff, India, and printed by the Manager, Government of India Press, Simla, 1940.

The volume is divided into two sections: 'Military Report' including general descriptions of Kuwait, Bahrein, Hasa, Qatar, the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , Muscat and Oman (folios 6-127) and 'Routes' (folios 128-164) including maps of:

and sketches of:

  • Bahrein Oil Company's area and important places (f 163);
  • Sharjah and Dibai [Dubai] (f 158).
Extent and format
1 volume (157 folios and 7 maps in pocket)
Physical characteristics

There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and ends on the last of several maps which are stored in a pocket at the back of the volume, on number 164.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Military Report and Route Book. The Arabian States of the Persian Gulf. 1939' [‎11v] (22/328), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C252, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 November 2019]

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