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'Military Report and Route Book. The Arabian States of the Persian Gulf. 1939' [‎30r] (59/328)

The record is made up of 1 volume (157 folios and 7 maps in pocket). It was created in 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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representative there were abandoned, in 1763, in favour
of Bushire.
In 1783 the Persians, who were in possession, were
expelled by an Arab horde from the mainland led by Sheikh
Ahmad ul Khalifah of the 'Utub tribe, and his descend
ants have held the ruling power ever since.
From this time onward the history of Bahrein is a tale
of protracted hostilities with Muscat, the Trucial Chiefs,
and her neighbours on the promontory of Qatar. From
time to time the Persians have made abortive attempts
to recover the islands. Strenuous efforts have also been
made by the "Wahabis to gain possession of the State,
which indeed, for a short period, they actually controlled.
The Ottoman Government, in pursuance of its policy of
extending Turkish influence in the Gulf, interfered in the
affairs • of the State. Meanwhile, misrule and piracy on
the part of the Sheikhs of Bahrein, and dissensions among
the various members of the Sheikh's family, weakened its
British influence in the islands gradually increased,
Treaties were entered into with the Sheikhs of Bahrein
extending that influence, and it was finally consolidated by
an agreement signed in 1892.
3. lieloticns with neighbours. — (a) The Turkish claim to
sovereignty over the Bahrein Islands, put forward from
time to time since 1847 and as often denied by His
Majesty's Government, was finally renounced by Article 13
of the Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913.
This instrument however was unratified at the out
break of war in 1914, and has not since* been revived.
(6) The claims of Iran to sovereignty over the islands
have persisted over a longer term of years and have been
as constantly repudiated by His Majesty's Government.
Iranian interest in Bahrein became more pronounced
when the discovery of oil suggested a potential source of
revenue. In 1934, the Iranian Government sent a note to
the United States to the effect that they did not recognise
the validity of an oil concession granted by any one other
than themselves, since they regarded Bahrein as an integral

About this item


This volume contains geographical information and maps about the Arabian States of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It was produced by the General Staff, India, and printed by the Manager, Government of India Press, Simla, 1940.

The volume is divided into two sections: 'Military Report' including general descriptions of Kuwait, Bahrein, Hasa, Qatar, the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , Muscat and Oman (folios 6-127) and 'Routes' (folios 128-164) including maps of:

and sketches of:

  • Bahrein Oil Company's area and important places (f 163);
  • Sharjah and Dibai [Dubai] (f 158).
Extent and format
1 volume (157 folios and 7 maps in pocket)
Physical characteristics

There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and ends on the last of several maps which are stored in a pocket at the back of the volume, on number 164.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Military Report and Route Book. The Arabian States of the Persian Gulf. 1939' [‎30r] (59/328), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C252, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 November 2019]

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