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'Military Report and Route Book. The Arabian States of the Persian Gulf. 1939' [‎56r] (111/328)

The record is made up of 1 volume (157 folios and 7 maps in pocket). It was created in 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A rmed F orces.
1. General. —These can be considered under three head
(a) Regulars or Fidawi, (b) Akhwan, (c) Aarab.
(a) Regulars—Fidawi. —These receive regular monthly
pay, but wear no uniform. They are mostly enlisted
from the settled Bedouin rather than the nomads. They
are directly under the orders of Ibn Baud's Amirs of
Hasa, Riath and Hail.
(b) Akhwan. —These represent the armed forces which
the tribes can turn out under their Sheikhs. When Ibn
Saud wishes to operate in any portion of his vast
domaixis, he calls on the local sheikhs to collect their
forces. These then act either directly under Ibn Saud
or under a specially appointed commander selected by
one of the great amirs.
(c) Aarab. —These are Arabs more or less professing
the Wahabi faith but living in territories outside that of
the confederated tribes of the Akhwan.
They can generally be relied on to join the Akhwan
when operating in or near their areaj when they are
usually employed as scouts, patrols, etc.
From the above it will be seen that the Fidawi is the
only class in which Ibn Saud can always rely for support.
The other two-classes will be alfected to a great extent by
the political attitude adopted by their sheikhs.
2. Hasa. —The Fidawi in the Hasa area have their
headquarters at Hofuf—and provide garrisons at Qatif
—Oqair and Jubail. They consist of about 600 men
armed with modern rifles. Those of Riath, Qasim and
Hail probably do not exceed 1,000 all told.
The Akhwan are represented by the fighting men of
the Mutair, Awazim, Murrah, Bani Hajir, Bani Khalid,
Manasir and Ajman as far as Hasa is concerned. The
Mutair can turn out about 3,000 armed men, the Awazim
2,200 and the Ajman 5,000. The rest in lesser propor
tion. The Akhwan of Nejd proper consist of the fight
ing men of the Ataiba, Shammer, Sbei, Sahool, Qahtan,

About this item


This volume contains geographical information and maps about the Arabian States of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It was produced by the General Staff, India, and printed by the Manager, Government of India Press, Simla, 1940.

The volume is divided into two sections: 'Military Report' including general descriptions of Kuwait, Bahrein, Hasa, Qatar, the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , Muscat and Oman (folios 6-127) and 'Routes' (folios 128-164) including maps of:

and sketches of:

  • Bahrein Oil Company's area and important places (f 163);
  • Sharjah and Dibai [Dubai] (f 158).
Extent and format
1 volume (157 folios and 7 maps in pocket)
Physical characteristics

There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and ends on the last of several maps which are stored in a pocket at the back of the volume, on number 164.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Military Report and Route Book. The Arabian States of the Persian Gulf. 1939' [‎56r] (111/328), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C252, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 December 2019]

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